10

Searching a Project Gutenberg etext of Jude the Obscure, I found a dozen other instances of "med", such as these: "Now don't you interrupt, my boy. Never interrupt your senyers. Move the fore hoss aside, Bobby; here's som'at coming… You must mind that I be a-talking of the college life. 'Em lives on a lofty level; there's no gainsaying it, though I myself ...


10

I think the answer will become clear if you re-read the passage (starting from the beginning of the chapter so that you have the full context) and carefully distinguish the points of view. When I do this, I interpret the passage as follows. Jude's point of view: He ascended the ladder to have one more look at the point the men had designated, and perched ...


9

The 'certain obliterator of historic records' is referring to a real person. It is widely thought that it was George Edmund Street, who was a Gothic revival architect. Hardy worked for revival architects before his literary career progressed (he met his wife, Emma Gifford, on one of his architectural employments), so Street would have been the kind of ...


8

TL;DR: Galilee, where Jesus lived and preached, is a metonym for Christian morality; Cyprus, where Aphrodite emerged from the sea, for pagan sexuality. Context Even if the references are obscure, I think it’s possible to figure out the meaning from the context. At the end of book II chapter II of Jude the Obscure, Jude Fawley is struggling between his ...


7

If you enter the google books search "part second" you will see this construction was a perfectly normal practice in the 1700 and 1800s. Here are some of the hits I got: to The Ploughboy: A Poem, Part Second (W. Cook, 1855), to Sadlier's Catholic first reader: part second, Part 2 (James A. Sadlier, 1883), and to Zoonomia ; Or, the Laws of Organic Life: Part ...


6

Norman Holland’s essay on Jude the Obscure has a paragraph about the significance of the names of the major characters in the novel: In the novel as a whole, the principal complex of images is that of Jewish, Christian, and pagan religious imagery. […] The names of the characters form an important part of this religious imagery. Jude is, most immediately, ...


5

‘Remembrance Day’ is Hardy’s fictional version of Encaenia, the ceremony at which the University of Oxford awards honorary degrees to distinguished men and women and commemorates its benefactors. University of Oxford. ‘Encaenia’. The correspondences are: ‘Remembrance’ is synonymous with ‘commemoration’. Christminster confers honorary degrees on ...


5

Doctor of Divinity. The context is Jude ambitiously planning out his future life as an academic clergyman in Christminster (Oxford). From the same passage: And then he continued to dream, and thought he might become even a bishop by leading a pure, energetic, wise, Christian life. [...] ["]Yes, Christminster shall be my Alma Mater; and I'll be her ...


5

This is an impossible question to answer definitively without a supporting quote from the author. No such quote appears to exist: I haven't been able to source anything in which Hardy discusses his religious or racial views. However, we can place this in the wider context of the time Hardy was born in 1840, at which point acceptance of Jews in British ...


5

Specifically ‘med’ represents (West) Berkshire dialect. Desmond Hawkins (1989), Hardy at Home: The People and Place of His Wessex: As [Hardy’s] practice developed he tended to simplify and standardize the conventions he needed to convey the forms of rustic speech. To suggest the distinctive sound of a Devonshire voice he concentrated on a single feature, ...


5

This is part of a wider Hardy theme of romanticising the old-fashioned ruralness of the SW England countryside and disdaining the march of modernity. Such commentary appears a lot in Hardy's writing. In fact, the very idea of his Wessex is predicated on his desire to romanticise rural life in southwest England. As mentioned in this answer, he was trying to ...


4

I think this is more of a general commentary on the state of the English countryside at the time, rather than a reference to any particular person. Such commentary appears a lot in Hardy's writing. In fact, the very idea of his Wessex is predicated on his desire to romanticise rural life in southwest England. As mentioned in this answer, he was trying to ...


3

Is this a printing error? A style that I've never seen before? Something else? Definitely not a printing error; it's a style you've never seen before. Jude the Obscure isn't even the only Thomas Hardy novel to use this type of style; see also Tess of the d'Urbervilles, which is divided into "Phase the First", "Phase the Second", etc. The famous Coleridge ...


3

From the preface to my edition of the book: "For a novel addressed by a man to men and woman of full age: which attempts to deal unaffectedly with the fret and fever, derision and disaster, that may press in the wake of the strongest passion know to humanity; to tell, without mincing of words, of a deadly war between flesh and spirit; and to point the ...


2

TL;DR: you're getting the wrong meaning of "obscure". You seem to be assuming that "obscure" means something like "strange" or "difficult to understand", but the more common (in my experience) meaning of the word is something more like "unknown" or "not famous". Indeed, the Cambridge English ...


2

Jude's father and Sue's mother were siblings. The Aunt who raised Jude was his maiden great-aunt. It's easy to miss, but the very first mention of Sue, long before she became a major character, was way back in Chapter 2 when Jude's Aunt Drusilla mentioned her as his cousin: “I’m sure he couldn’t ha’ took a better one. The boy is crazy for books, that he is. ...


1

No, Hardy is not being anti-Semitic here. The passage you quote is a satire against the praying man: it's about how we rationalize why prayer doesn't work. The man's prayers weren't answered, so he assumes it's because his pants were tailored by a Jew.


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