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12

As someone who has struggled through an essay on characterization in Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber using Jungian archetypes I may be able to shed some light on the issue. The archetypal approach, in my experience, is quite controversial and has always been niche (I have never encountered in my studies a contemporary academic or critical work using ...


11

The Intentional Fallacy is the fallacy of defining the meaning of a work using the author's intentions: The author intended their work to mean this, and so it means this. However, this has problems: How does one know the author's intentions? What if the author failed in conveying their intentions? Quoting Wimsatt and Beardsley: If the poet succeeded ...


10

The intentional fallacy is a misnomer in that the fallacy is not committed intentionally, but rather it relates to intentions. The intentional fallacy is the fallacy of using authors' intentions in interpreting literary works as opposed to interpreting the texts itself. Yes, it is very much relevant today as has been shown on this site. Most people still do ...


8

First, I have to ask: do you have a clear definition for bias? Think on this for a moment. Let's look at some of the meanings given, for instance, by Merriam-Webster: a : an inclination of temperament or outlook; especially : a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgment : prejudice b : an instance of such prejudice c : bent, tendency I believe ...


6

After some more searching, I found that the academic and author I was looking for is Frank Lentricchia. In literary theory and criticism he wrote, among other ones, the following books: After the New Criticism (University of Chicago Press, 1980), in which he reviews and evaluates the "critical theory" (not just literary theory, since he also discusses the ...


6

This is a tough question. Eliot, in particular, demonstrated the primacy of meter over rhyme in Four Quartets. (Rhyme is generally considered to be the primary mnemonic device, a critical element in that poems are traditionally meant to be recited, but that particular poem shows that meter alone serves the function quite well.) Rap, the most popular ...


5

"New Criticism" is an older form of literary criticism but it does focus on the "formal elements" of a piece. New Critics attempt to break down literature into four linguistic devices, paradox, irony, ambiguity, and tension. They also look closely at figurative language in how it presents images, symbols, metaphors, and similes. This is from the book, ...


4

The way that this question is worded implies a particular theory about how literature is interpreted (that is, it's a theory-laden question). The implicit theory seems to be that we interpret literature by treating it as if it were documentary evidence for a fictional universe. In this theory, there is a single fictional universe, and our task as readers is ...


3

All of the examples you give seem to be using the term "myopic" to mean focusing on something small, or very specific, while ignoring the larger view. Like most who mutilate Chopin, he was musically myopic, fawning over each note instead of seeking the longer shape of a phrase, its arc and context, where the real beauty lay. In this context, we're ...


3

The 5 word phrase you ask about, "English studies of empirical studies", is hard to parse when taken out of context, as you took it in the title of your question. The context "a larger suspicion in English studies of empirical studies as antihumanist" in which it occurs is clearer. It means, roughly, "a larger suspicion within English departments that ...


3

Analysis of literary texts that is based purely on the text itself and not historical context, the author's biography etcetera is not so much a "section" of literary theory but an approach practised by several schools of literary theory. This approach is known as formalism, which Wikipedia defines as a school of literary criticism and literary theory ...


3

Wimsatt and Beardsley's essay The Intentional Fallacy wasn't flogging a dead horse, nor did it bury the concept of authorial intent. One of the most influential statements of intentionalism is E. D. Hirsch's book Validity in Interpretation (1967). In an essay entitled "Why Intentionalism Won’t Go Away", Denis Dutton describes Hirsch's stance as follows (my ...


2

Is it common to reveal suspense or other important plot details in Epilogue section? It is not very common in my considerable reading experience but not unheard of. How important is Epilogue relating to the story? The epilogue is an integral part of the text of the literary work, unlike post-text sections like Author's note and Acknowledgements, and it ...


2

Cognitive psychology developed the concept of schema (plural: schemas or schemata) to describe "a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them". According to Kendray Cherry's article What Is a Schema in Psychology?, A schema is a cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret ...


2

I too have asked myself similar questions... Literary Theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature. However, literary scholarship since the 19th century often includes—in addition to, or even instead of literary theory in the strict sense—considerations of intellectual ...


2

In many cases, we can infer the author's intent from the way the work is presented. The author may present numerous scenes that show character A in an unflattering light, from which we deduce that she considers A to be a villain. Looking at the way a book was received in its time also gives us a good sense of how the author may have seen it. When modern ...


2

He may be making the case that hermeneutics is qualitatively different from medieval scholasticism. Scholasticism is mostly deductive, chasing out implications or inconsistencies in received texts, but with a known result in mind, to validate existing dogma, whether that of canon law or of Greek philosophy. Even Abelard at his most radical, in Sic et Non, ...


1

The comment differentiates language and literature and suggests they have opposite futures. the future of the English language is grand Language is a broad category that includes verbal and written communication of many forms. If the language is connected to the dominant world power, as English is, then the comment suggests that the society promises to ...


1

In terms of "what is the literary canon," to paraphrase noted science-fiction author Samuel Delany (from his About Writing) the most practical marker of inclusion in the "canon" is when a work remains part of the living discourse, because of ongoing creation of an active body of derivative (adapted, parodied, modernized, retold) and secondary (critical, ...


1

Russian Formalism was probably the first school in literary theory that looked at poetry and literature in general as true linguistic phenomena. One of its representatives, Viktor Shklovsky coined the term defamiliarization (ostranenie in Russian; "Verfremdung" in German), which refers to the intentional deviation from practical, everyday language in poetry ...


1

I say they are both. The books do tell a story but with multiple endings based on the readers choices and the result of dice rolls. The choices you make tell the story and the battles that you have also are part of the narrative.


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