36 votes
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Was Odysseus considered unfaithful to his wife in the Odyssey?

No. Introduction To begin with, the question Has Odysseus been unfaithful to his wife? would not make sense to the people of ancient Greece. Such a question presupposes that the Greeks had a ...
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22 votes
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Where was the Odyssean Ithaca?

TL;DR: Homer’s Ithaca is somewhere in the Ionian islands but his descriptions are hard to reconcile, so pending a really convincing archaeological find it is impossible to be sure how the descriptions ...
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20 votes
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Are there any recorded discrepancies between The Odyssey as oral tradition and The Odyssey as Homer transcribed it?

On the answer Much of the structure of this answer is based on the very clear history of The Odyssey and The Iliad written by Nicolas Bertrand in a 2009 Article (PDF). The primary sources discussed ...
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  • 1,838
11 votes

Why is Nausicaa named 'burner of ships'?

I'm going to attempt an answer with the caveats that the materialists often find my etymological ideas on names to be poetic as opposed to scientific, and that I'd want to know what Graves thought but ...
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  • 4,010
6 votes
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Can the Odyssey be consumed independently of the Iliad?

tl;dr Yes, they can be read independently. On the nature of myth (hand-wavy background stuff) In a comment to your question, you note: these were originally oral traditions rather than written books.....
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5 votes

How many sailors from Odysseus' crew survived the Odyssey?

The whole crew dies, except Odysseus. He started off to the Trojan war with a whole fleet of ships. Odysseus won the victory. Then he landed on the Achaeans land, allies of Troy. He lost 72 men there. ...
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  • 51
5 votes

What is the difference between the narration of the Fall of Troy in The Aeneid, The Iliad, and The Odyssey?

Summary The sack of Troy was depicted in an ancient epic poem, the Iliupersis; this was probably used by Virgil as a source, but it has since been lost. From a surviving summary we can get an idea of ...
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4 votes

Why does the portrayal of fate in the Odyssey differ from that of the Iliad?

Fate is controlled by the Fates, whom no god can contradict. According to Walter Otto's The Homeric Gods (Walter F. Otto, The Homeric Gods: The Spiritual Significance of Greek Religion. 1929. ...
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  • 471
4 votes

What manuscript was the first printed edition of the Odyssey based on?

Single or Multiple Manuscrips? The editor, Demetrius Chalkokondyles (Demetrius Damilas was the printer), consulted multiple manuscripts. This is how I've found it: Chalkokondyles's editio ...
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  • 1,404
3 votes

Why does the portrayal of fate in the Odyssey differ from that of the Iliad?

This is a complex subject, and worthy of a thesis, but I'll attempt to briefly address it. The Sarpedon incident is interesting in that Zeus only contemplates altering fate. One could say that his ...
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  • 4,010
3 votes

Can the Odyssey be consumed independently of the Iliad?

In addition to verbose's theoretical comments on the nature of myth, there is evidence that the two epics were, in fact, consumed separately in ancient Greece. Aelian (Various History 13.14) attests ...
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  • 280
2 votes

How did the Greeks anger Pallas Athena?

Euripides dramatised Athena’s change of heart near the start of The Trojan Women: Poseidon: Do you bring fresh tidings from some god, from Zeus, or from some lesser power? Athena: From none of these;...
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1 vote

Was Odysseus considered unfaithful to his wife in the Odyssey?

Romantic love, couples, ethics, fidelity, all this has existed since the earliest records of humankind - and also in nature, among other animal species. Ancient Greece had romantic novels like ...
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