37 votes
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Was Odysseus considered unfaithful to his wife in the Odyssey?

No. Introduction To begin with, the question Has Odysseus been unfaithful to his wife? would not make sense to the people of ancient Greece. Such a question presupposes that the Greeks had a ...
verbose's user avatar
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22 votes
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Where was the Odyssean Ithaca?

TL;DR: Homer’s Ithaca is somewhere in the Ionian islands but his descriptions are hard to reconcile, so pending a really convincing archaeological find it is impossible to be sure how the descriptions ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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20 votes
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Are there any recorded discrepancies between The Odyssey as oral tradition and The Odyssey as Homer transcribed it?

On the answer Much of the structure of this answer is based on the very clear history of The Odyssey and The Iliad written by Nicolas Bertrand in a 2009 Article (PDF). The primary sources discussed ...
VicAche's user avatar
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11 votes

Why is Nausicaa named 'burner of ships'?

I'm going to attempt an answer with the caveats that the materialists often find my etymological ideas on names to be poetic as opposed to scientific, and that I'd want to know what Graves thought but ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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10 votes
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Why is this line about prophecy in book 2 of the Odyssey thought to be "spurious"?

The possibly spurious line is 2.191: πρῆξαι δ᾽ ἔμπης οὔ τι δυνήσεται εἵνεκα τῶνδε: and he will in no case be able to do aught because of these men here Homer. Odyssey 2.191. Translated by A. T. ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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9 votes
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In Homer's Odyssey, how can the one-eyed Cyclops have multiple brows?

This issue has been puzzling commentators for thousands of years, if we take it broadly as "how many eyes did Homer think Polyphemus had, and why?" The Greek text of Odyssey 9.389 uses the ...
alexg's user avatar
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7 votes

Can the Odyssey be consumed independently of the Iliad?

In addition to verbose's theoretical comments on the nature of myth, there is evidence that the two epics were, in fact, consumed separately in ancient Greece. Aelian (Various History 13.14) attests ...
b a's user avatar
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6 votes
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Can the Odyssey be consumed independently of the Iliad?

tl;dr Yes, they can be read independently. On the nature of myth (hand-wavy background stuff) In a comment to your question, you note: these were originally oral traditions rather than written books.....
verbose's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the difference between the narration of the Fall of Troy in The Aeneid, The Iliad, and The Odyssey?

Summary The sack of Troy was depicted in an ancient epic poem, the Iliupersis; this was probably used by Virgil as a source, but it has since been lost. From a surviving summary we can get an idea of ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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5 votes

How many sailors from Odysseus' crew survived the Odyssey?

The whole crew dies, except Odysseus. He started off to the Trojan war with a whole fleet of ships. Odysseus won the victory. Then he landed on the Achaeans land, allies of Troy. He lost 72 men there. ...
Ally's user avatar
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4 votes

How many sailors from Odysseus' crew survived the Odyssey?

Here’s a summary of the relevant events, as told by Odysseus to the Phaeacians. We might bear it in mind that Odysseus is a notorious liar, so who knows how much of this we are intended to credit, but ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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4 votes

Why does the portrayal of fate in the Odyssey differ from that of the Iliad?

Fate is controlled by the Fates, whom no god can contradict. According to Walter Otto's The Homeric Gods (Walter F. Otto, The Homeric Gods: The Spiritual Significance of Greek Religion. 1929. ...
CJ Sheu's user avatar
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4 votes

What manuscript was the first printed edition of the Odyssey based on?

Single or Multiple Manuscrips? The editor, Demetrius Chalkokondyles (Demetrius Damilas was the printer), consulted multiple manuscripts. This is how I've found it: Chalkokondyles's editio ...
HeyJude's user avatar
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4 votes
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What are "inward meats" in Homer?

Yes, the "inward meats" are the innards, or the organ meats such as liver and kidneys. A comparison of translations of some lines near the opening of Book 3 demonstrates this. Telemachus and ...
verbose's user avatar
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3 votes
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Who are the '12 children of Aiolos Hippotadês', as introduced in Book 10, The Grace of the Witch, of Homer's Odyssey?

The children of Aiolos follow a similar pattern to some other divine families in Greek mythology. First, according to Hesiod, the primordial gods Gaia and Ouranos had twelve children (the Titans), six ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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3 votes

Why does the portrayal of fate in the Odyssey differ from that of the Iliad?

This is a complex subject, and worthy of a thesis, but I'll attempt to briefly address it. The Sarpedon incident is interesting in that Zeus only contemplates altering fate. One could say that his ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why are sea creatures Sirens "in a meadow" in The Odyssey?

The Odyssey has two passages about the Sirens. First, Circe’s warning to Odysseus (as related by Odysseus to the Phaeacians), some of which was quoted in the question: “First you will come to the ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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3 votes

How did the Greeks anger Pallas Athena?

Euripides dramatised Athena’s change of heart near the start of The Trojan Women: Poseidon: Do you bring fresh tidings from some god, from Zeus, or from some lesser power? Athena: From none of these;...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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1 vote

Was Odysseus considered unfaithful to his wife in the Odyssey?

Romantic love, couples, ethics, fidelity, all this has existed since the earliest records of humankind - and also in nature, among other animal species. Ancient Greece had romantic novels like ...
Luna Canam's user avatar

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