10 votes
Accepted

Meaning of lines explaining Hrothgar's ruling in Heorot

The original text is: ⁊ þær on innan       eall gedælan geongum ⁊ ealdum       ſƿylc him god ſealde buton folc ſcare       ⁊ feorum gumena That is: and there within       all distribute to young ...
  • 42.5k
5 votes

In the poem "North" by Seamus Heaney, what is meant by the Aurora Borealis line and the word "nubbed"?

The context of these lines is a poetic vision in which Heaney invokes the Vikings only to demythologize them. Heaney considers ‘those fabulous raiders’ first as archaeological subjects (‘in the solid /...
  • 42.5k
4 votes

In Seamus Heaney's 'North', why are the Vikings' voices "lifted in violence and epiphany"?

The speaker of ‘North’ describes the experience of standing on a beach (“a long strand”) on the Atlantic coast of Ireland (“facing … Iceland [and] Greenland”) and “suddenly” finding himself imagining ...
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2 votes
Accepted

Why is Seamus Heaney's "The Cure at Troy" so often quoted in political contexts?

Philoctetes versus The Cure at Troy In Sophocles’ Philoctetes, the action goes straight from Neoptolemus’ farewell (line 1407) to the appearance of Heracles (line 1408). But Heaney inserts a speech by ...
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1 vote

In the poem "North" by Seamus Heaney, what is meant by the Aurora Borealis line and the word "nubbed"?

What does "nubbed" mean? Something is nubbed if it has a nub or nubs. (Just like something is fringed if it has fringes, or something is winged if it has wings.) The definition of nub is (from Oxford ...
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