8

As this article explains, The basic manoeuvre is a sucking of air through the teeth from behind pursed lips – or as academics describe it, a "velaric ingressive airstream involving closure at two points in the mouth". But thereafter there is nuance. There is the short, sharp kiss from the front teeth on either side. Usually this denotes minor ...


7

This is a strange question for a number of reasons. First of all, it's quite broad and meandering. There's a lot of assumptions in the question that aren't correct and need to be corrected. I mention this as way of explaining and apologizing for the meandering style of this answer. The central character is a reimagining of Shakespeare's Caliban, a ...


6

I already briefly mentioned this in my response about the pronouns in "Shift", but there a few things I can add. The story's last lines are spoken by Caliban, who has so far always referred to himself using the pronouns "you" and "your". Since he seemed incapable of saying "I", he could not say "we", either. According to my interpretation, this use of ...


6

I found an explanation of "kissing teeth" in a blog post by Azizi Powell on Pancocojams, a blog which (in its own words) showcases the customs of people of Black descent throughout the world. In this post, she explains something about the history of the term and the various different words which can be used for it in different parts of the Caribbean: The ...


4

This utterance is significant because it marks what could be a turning point in Caliban's life. Up till now, he's been seeking out the women he thinks will change him, because he wants them to turn him into whatever they want him to be. (As has been discussed in other answers already, this represents Caliban's desire to be part of 'white' society, to leave ...


4

Strictly speaking, the choice of the child's name is not Tan-Tan's decision but the author's. The book's setting is a Caribbean-colonised planet (Toussaint) and another planet, New Half-Way Tree, to which criminals get exiled. The book references many elements of Caribbean culture, including its carnival tradition (hence the title's Robber Queen) and ...


4

Nalo Hopkinson's story "Shift" reuses characters from Shakespeare's play The Tempest, a play that has frequently been discussed with a specific focus on colonialism/post-colonialism, race and identity. The story reuses several words, phrases and elements from the play. For example: Hopkinson's Ariel calls Caliban his "mooncalf brother"; in The Tempest (Act ...


2

I think you have the right answer on what "nuh" means but you haven't captured her style of speaking. When trying to read the passage aloud, I find I lapse into something like a Scottish lilt (I'm Australian, so I'm not sure why Scottish comes out here!), but there's definitely a rhythm to her spoken word. Also, she omits the conjunction ("that"), which is ...


2

According to the website Jamaican Patwah, nuh has two meanings: No; example: "nuh sad story" (meaning: "no bad news"); Not; example: "It nuh di deh" (meaning: "It is not there"). However, replacing "nuh" with either of the above meanings in the sentences from "Shift" still does not result in grammatical English. For example, with "not": "Is not that turn ...


1

The limerick used in the story can be seen as a text about two types of domination: domination of a man be a woman (assuming the tiger is male) and domination of nature by humans. The theme of domination can also be found in the short story, in which it gets reversed. But this reversal relies on another reversal. The beginning of the story mentions ...


1

Kissing teeth, or the "velaric ingressive airstream involving closure at two points in the mouth" may be considered disrespectful and a culpable expression of contempt. It is banned in many French schools and at one time was liable to result in arrest in Britain if done by someone being questioned by police. French schools ban teeth-sucking


1

The poem is a nod to the use of Caribbean creoles in the novel. My best source for this is actually something I found as one of the top hits when I searched the web for david findlay stolen in the hope of finding the full text of the poem. Here's an essay by Nalo Hopkinson herself (previously published on this defunct site) in which she explains some of the ...


1

Based on another of her short stories, "Ally", we get some insight in Hopkinson's use of the "Cheshire Cat". Unlike the Cheshire Cat’s, his smile became a little more real as he quoted back: “‘There’s no use trying. One can’t believe impossible things.’” His smiled cracked. “Maybe it was just the stress. Of everything. Of Iqbal . . .” The (smile of)...


1

Most likely, "fe" is Hopkinson's or Ariel's version of "fi" in Jamaican Patois. "Shift" does not use pure Jamaican Patois, since that would make the story to hard to read. The Wikipedia article on Jamaican Patois lists a number of usages of "fi" but not the one used in the story. The Jamaican Patwah dictionary gives three definitions of "fi": "for" (twice) ...


1

Tammy Griggs, the story's narrator, loves orchids: she makes a living making plant arrangements, which may include orchids, she has tattoos of orchids on her body, her apartment is like an orchid greenhouse, and, one night, she events even goes to bed with an orchid petal in her mouth (a blue orchid petal that she found by a dumpster). We also find out ...


1

Porridge, and the cooking of oats, is a theme that runs through the story, so this reference to porridge does not come from out of nowhere. What did we learn from your research? That porridge is a thick dish, sometimes sweet, sometimes with more complex additions to make it savory. Gruel, on the other hand, is thin, watery (another ongoing theme), simple. ...


1

My answer about the pronouns in "Shift" focused on the opposition between nature (and a person's nature and roots) on the one hand, and technology-based civilisation on the other. My interpretation of the use of pronouns is based on the claim that Caliban tried to get away from his original environment and ignored his nature and roots. The story contains ...


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