18

"Lord of the Flies" is a direct reference to Beelzebub (from the Hebrew ba'al z'vuv, בעל זבוב, literally "lord of flies.") Beelzebub is well known as a dark god, a demon, or another name for Satan himself. The clear implication, in the context of the book, is that humanity -- freed of restraints, left to its own devices -- will naturally tend to cruel and ...


15

The ironies are of juxtaposition. First, Ralph had created a signal fire in order to bring rescuers. However it is not this fire which attracts attention but the raging forest fire set to kill Ralph. So: a fire which is supposed to doom Ralph actually brings him salvation. And it is a fire set as a result of the boys' descent into barbarism that brings ...


14

The conch symbolizes leadership and civilization throughout the story. In the beginning, Ralph uses it as an extension of his power. For example from the first chapter after he is elected. Ralph smiled and held up the conch for silence. Ralph uses it throughout the story to hold meetings and even makes the rule that people could only talk if they have ...


13

With appropriate vocal inflection, any statement can be turned into a question. Typically, this would have been done by ending with a rising vocal pitch, rather than a falling one. So he is asking the listener whether they agree with a series of statements, in an attempt to conciliate them.


12

The entire book can be seen as an allegory for the Bible. It has a startlingly large number of allusions to Jewish and Christian myths and stories. Here are some of them: The island, in the beginning, is a parallel for the Garden of Eden Ralph's first act upon reaching the island is to take off his clothes and jump into the water. This symbolizes the ...


11

Did Piggy and Ralph participate? The current answers range from "Yes" (but maybe no) to "Probably" (maybe, maybe not) to "Ralph did but not Piggy". I'd like to explain why the correct answer is an unequivocal yes - that they were both involved, both were complicit in the murder, and they both sought to lie about it. First, let's ...


10

Dictionary definition of Epilepsy: A neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Let's have a look at Simon: [...] the choir huddled into line and stood there swaying in the sun [...] one of the boys flopped on his ...


9

Chapter 1: from Piggy "Didn't you hear what the pilot said? About the atom bomb? They're all dead."


9

The naval officer represents man's woefully-misguided denial of evil. It's so far off the mark, it's tragic. His arrogance echoes that of the boys, whose abominable underestimation of evil took a novel to explain. 'Goodies' like Simon and Piggy pined for civilization, their last hope. Now they're dead, and the officer from the adult world is as flawed as ...


9

In terms of literal description, the whiteness refers to the foaming of the sea water as it washes over the rock. The rock is first described when Ralph crosses the neck to the Castle Rock: Now he saw the landsman's view of the swell and it seemed like the breathing of some stupendous creature. Slowly the waters sank among the rocks, revealing pink tables ...


8

It's admittedly been a little while since I read the book, but I don't think that we have to assume that it was nuclear. The book is quite explicit that there was some kind of war, and the implication from the end of the book (with the naval ship visible at the end) that it was brutal and in some way analogous to the war that took place on the island, but it ...


8

Probably. This is the last mention of Piggy before Simon's death: Piggy and Ralph, under the threat of the sky, found themselves eager to take a place in this demented but partly secure society. They were glad to touch the brown backs of the fence that hemmed in the terror and made it governable. “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” ...


7

Yes This is Simon's death: The sticks fell and the mouth of the new circle crunched and screamed. The beast was on its knees in the centre, its arms folded over its face. It was crying out against the abominable noise something about a body on the hill. The beast struggled forward, broke the ring and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the ...


7

I know this is more of a chapter than an answer, but bear with me! If you would prefer a more concise version, just can stick to this first paragraph. Everyone in Lord of the Flies is "bad", and, by extension, so is everyone on earth. People are inherently savage. That was Golding's message, having been appalled by wartime atrocities as well as war ...


6

Perhaps this serves to reinforce the idea that these children are very far from the society and norms they grew up with. The children don't care about the sociological trappings of class and wealth that can be inferred from an accent. They dislike Piggy at a much more visceral level based on his physical appearance and behavior. His accent might have ...


6

Nigel Williams, a first-hand witness of Golding's life and work, stated in this 2012 Telegraph article: He was quite clear that Simon, the epileptic boy who falls down in a fit in front of the pig’s head was not a symbolic, Christian character, although he did talk, very interestingly, about the compromises and mistakes the church was forced to make ...


6

There are many ways Simon can be seen as a Christ figure. Among the largest scale ones are: Simon is never violent, and he never becomes as savage as the others Simon always helps other people and is never mean to Piggy or any of the littl'uns In fact he goes so far as to pick the fruit that the little'uns can't reach and give it to them. He therefore ...


6

The island is never named. We get pretty close: “This is our island. It’s a good island. Until the grownups come to fetch us we’ll have fun.” However, the island is never named and we also don't know where in the world it takes place. Though the book was based on The Coral Island, the island in question is just a generic island, which happens to be ...


6

Existing answers have covered a few of these concepts, but there was plenty of Christian iconography apart from the devil who promoted evil among mankind. The island itself, particularly Simon's glade, functions as a kind of Garden of Eden that is gradually corrupted by the introduction of evil. Simon's glade turns into a kind of church because of him. ...


5

The allusions mentioned above are true in some regard; although, some clarity could be made about the Christian idea of sin. Christianity affirms that each individual has the choice of, even the propensity to, sin; but that sin is always a product of choice, even when tempted by the devil (in our story, "The Lord of the Flies"). Therefore, Simon's ...


5

But the accent does matter, the quote goes: [...] Piggy was an outsider, not only by accent, which did not matter, but by fat... So, while the boys probably aren't as judgmental as the "grown-ups" (when it comes to accents at least), hence the "which did not matter", the accent still makes him different from the others in a way.


4

Speaking with a rising inflection or turning everything into a question is known as uptalk or upspeech or, to get technical, high rising terminal. To some people, it projects uncertainty, but according to some researchers, there is a conversational purpose to it as well: it invites the listener to listen actively, to nod or confirm, much like adding “you ...


4

I remember seeing an interview with the publisher back when I studied it in school. In the original draft first chapter outlined a nuclear war and was implied to be a bit over the top, most publishers hadn't gotten past it and refused the book on the basis of the first chapter thinking the book to be mainly about a nuclear war. This introduction was gotten ...


4

I think they view themselves as savages, and are proud of it. Based on their subsequent behaviour, Jack's gang shed all moral restraint by the time they kill a mother pig. Given the way they communicate - "a littlun howled, creased and crimson"/"double cry"/"ululation"/"high, bird-like cry"/"silvery laughter"...


4

Earlier, Jack did not think they were savages: “I agree with Ralph. We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. But later they become more savage and the book starts referring to them as savages. The only thing I can really find is this quote of Bill's: “Now we can’t have the fire up there—because we can’t have the fire ...


3

The conch establishes Piggy's inferiority to the reader early on, providing the basis for his exclusion from the island society, such as physiognomy (judgement of character via appearance), non-standard English ("I can't hardly move"), and freaky ideas that mark him as an outsider - "better to have rules and agree". Ralph finds the conch but Piggy ...


2

I think that Ralph participated but Piggy didn't since it said that he didn't really see what they did to Simon. "You were outside. Outside the circle. You never really came in. Didn't you see what we––what they did?" There was loathing, and at the same time a kind of feverish excitement in his voice. "Didn't you see, Piggy?" "Not ...


1

I think it's implied that some sort of conflict or war is occurring while the boys are on the island, which prevents them from being found earlier. So the answer would depend on the condition of the society which the boys are returning to. It's possible Simon had some family who would want an explanation for his disappearance.


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