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14

The counterpart to the term "orientalism" is, rather unsurprisingly, occidentalism, which Wikipedia defines as follows: Occidentalism refers to and identifies representations of the Western world (the Occident) in two ways: (i) as dehumanizing stereotypes of the Western world, (broadly defined as consisting of Europe, Northern America, Australia ...


2

This is what it's explained in a note to the BUR version of the Decameron (Italian original), edited by Amedeo Quondam, Maurizio Fiorilla and Giancarlo Alfano: Malpertugio: antico quartiere (contrada: qui per la prima volta con questo significato urbano) di Napoli, attiguo al porto, così chiamato per un varco aperto nelle mura della città verso la Rua ...


6

Malpertugio is not only a realistic name but a real name. A footnote in Wayne A. Rebhorn's translation (W. W. Norton, 2016; page 58) explains that, Malpertugio (…) refers to a gap in the city's walls. It was a commercial area of Naples near the port and the arsenal in which many merchants, including those from Sicily, located their business. (…) Needless to ...


4

One of the notes to number 14 in BUR version of the Decameron (Italian original), edited by Amedeo Quondam, Maurizio Fiorilla and Giancarlo Alfano, explains that the first of your points refers to the war between the king Henry II of England (1133-1189) and his eldest son Henry, called the "Young King" (1155-1183), broken out in 1173: nacque … ...


5

In the introduction ("introduzione") to the article "Gli Agolanti" by Enrica Guerra you can find that they were usurers ("usurai"): Boccaccio, [...], nel momento in cui menziona gli Agolanti conosce perfettamente la loro attività, sia, probabilmente, per le sue stesse esperienze in ambito mercantile, al servizio dei Bardi, sia ...


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