Bashō never wrote that haiku.
The haiku is not listed on PoemHunter or in his list of works on Wikipedia, which starts to seem suspicious, but then I found authoritative confirmation at MI6 HQ:
The title of "You Only Live Twice" comes from a haiku (or poem) included in the Ian Fleming novel on which the film is based. It goes: "You only live twice. Once ...
TL;DR: The extreme shortness of haiku, and the traditional requirements of the form, mean that they are most suited to describing moments. But it’s not a rule and there are some exceptions.
Traditionally a haiku has three requirements:
Seventeen phonetic units (音, on) divided into groups of five, seven, and five.
A juxtaposition of two ideas or ...