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10

The term was coined by science fiction author K. W. Jeter in a letter to Locus in April 1987: Dear Locus: Enclosed is a copy of my 1979 novel Morlock Night; I’d appreciate your being so good as to route it to Faren Miller, as it’s a prime piece of evidence in the great debate as to who in "the Powers/Blaylock/Jeter fantasy triumvirate" was writing ...


9

You might think of flash fiction as a very short story (it is sometimes also referred to as a short short story). Most magazines that specialize solely in flash fiction don't accept fiction that is above, say, 1000 words or 1500 words, maybe as much as 2000 words at most. Flash Fiction Magazine and Flash Fiction Online both have a maximum word count of 1000 ...


7

My go-to source for authority on a matter like this is J.A. Cuddon's A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. Here is the definition there for "novel of ideas": A vague category of fiction in which conversation, intellectual discussion and debate predominate, and in which plot, narrative, emotional conflict and psychological depth in ...


7

While every fantasy series tends to deal slightly differently with their fantasy races, there tend to be some common denominators. Dwarves are generally written as living underground. Dwarves are usually associated with mining, and with forging. In many fantasy stories, dwarves tend not be be traditional magic-users; in some stories, dwarves are naturally ...


6

Biographies of animals are not a very common genre, although it is not difficult to find examples with a bit of digging: Flush: A Biography (1933) by Virginia Woolf is the "imaginative biography" (Wikipedia's description) of a dog. Its entry in the Library of Congress) simply classifies is as "biographical fiction". Bobbie, a Great Collie by Charles ...


6

Why can't HP be both? I particularly like your comment about HP being a hero-slaying-the-dragon story, and I agree that if you have to choose 1 trope to force HP into, this may be the best one. However, I think HP is very much a coming-of-age story, and more so than most coming-of-age stories. Here are some of my best thoughts: Harry grows to know more about ...


6

Albert Camus' essay L'Homme révolté (1951, The Rebel) contains a chapter entitled "Roman et révolte", in which the author says (emphasis mine), Qu’est-ce que le roman, en effet, sinon cet univers où l’action trouve sa forme, où les mots de la fin sont prononcés, les êtres livrés aux êtres, où toute vie prend le visage du destin ? Le monde ...


5

I'm going to use a character well-known in the gothic for this answer: Dracula. Count Dracula is uncanny because he reminds us of a human, yet something is amiss in his appearance. He is simultaneously new and old - new to the story, characters, yet from a time period that goes way back. The uncanny in the gothic is quite simply something that doesn't seem ...


5

tl;dr It isn't. Hamlet and its contemporaries Hamlet is one of a cluster of similar plays that were tremendously popular on the Elizabethan and Jacobean stage that are now grouped as revenge tragedies. These plays draw upon the works of the Stoic philosopher and playwright Seneca, whose blood-soaked tragedies feature the revenge motif, a ghost, and ...


5

In A Prosody Handbook, Karl Shapiro and Robert Beum claim: The Latin iambus derives from a Greek word meaning "a cripple." The short syllable represents the lame foot, the long one descending with normal strength, perhaps with the added strength of the cane. (p. 35) Shapiro, Karl, and Robert Beum. A Prosody Handbook. New York: Harper and Row, 1965....


5

Well, Richmal Crompton did say in a radio interview that when she started writing these 'Just William' stories, her intention was to write those stories for adults about children. Listen to the interview : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmEcUabNmYQ The relevant transcript: Well I began to write them entirely for adults about children. And they were ...


5

This strikes me more as referencing Tolkien's attitude towards myths and Christianity in particular: Now what Dyson and Tolkien showed me was [... that] the story of Christ is simply a true myth: a myth working on us in the same way as the others, but with this tremendous difference that it really happened. (From a letter to Arthur Greeves in October ...


3

You have actually used the word in your question: such tales are parables. The term parable often is given narrow application that refers to specifically a story from the Gospels that illustrates a specific moral teaching, such as the parable of the Good Samaritan. But more broadly, the term is used in non-Biblical contexts too. For example, the stories of ...


3

Thomas Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy was immensely popular; not only was it printed ten times between 1592 and 1633 (although only one copy of the 1592 edition has survived), it was also quoted, alluded to and reworked by other authors. Thomas Kyd is also attributed an Ur-Hamlet, which is now lost. The Spanish Tragedy borrowed certain elements from Seneca's ...


3

Most of the authors you list belong to a genre known as Weird Fiction. The Wikipedia article on the genre has four out of the five authors you name under its list of notable contributors and names Poe as the founder of the genre. The missing author is Guy de Maupassant. But given that he has a two-volume collection available entitled "Collected Supernatural ...


3

I would argue that a genre is a kind of non-spoken contract between creator and reader, an implicit understanding of some of the things that has to be accepted to make the work function as intended. One of the most important such understanding when it comes to literature is that if something is a labelled "fiction", then it need not have anything to do ...


3

In this English SE discussion, the history of romance in literature was covered fairly extensively; and we basically concluded that romance originally meant stories or histories styled poetically (i.e. in rhyme or verse) that were subsequently put to music in songs and ballads sung by troubadours, bards, or minstrels -- who were frequently rewarded for their ...


3

Lewis Carroll’s Phantasmagoria, of 1869, should probably be included here. This is quite a long and funny ghost story in poetic form. To give some idea of the humour involved, the poem begins like this: One winter night, at half-past nine, Cold, tired, and cross, and muddy, I had come home, too late to dine, And supper, with cigars and wine, Was waiting in ...


3

It's certainly true that trauma and traumatic events feature in many works of literature. However, Trauma Literature focuses on trauma as a central theme, and often on the difficulty of expressing that trauma through the literary medium. The literary work itself often becomes an expression of a traumatic reaction. For example, in the graphic novel Maus, the ...


2

As well as Leszek Kolek's 1975 work, I have now found a second text that offers contrasting definitions of the two terms: Timothy Bewes's "What is 'Philosophical Honesty' in Postmodern Literature?" (New Literary History, vol.31, no.3, 2000, pp. 421-434). Bewes's article is referred to in David Cunningham's entry on "Philosophical Novel" in the Encyclopedia ...


2

The Guardian refers to the Hailey as a germinator of the "factional" genre. The fruit of diligent research, which in his long (seldom under 500-page) novels was sometimes dispensed in barely digested globules, his work laid the groundwork for the "factional" genre, which uses authentic backgrounds as a backcloth for human stereotypes. Faction was ...


2

I'm no expert, but I do think there can be an overlap here. A narrative is traditionally defined as a piece of writing chronicling a connected series of events or a story in which a person or various persons interact; narratives are often descriptive and creative. An essay is merely "a short piece of writing on a particular subject," typically nonfiction, ...


2

I too have asked myself similar questions... Literary Theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature. However, literary scholarship since the 19th century often includes—in addition to, or even instead of literary theory in the strict sense—considerations of intellectual history, ...


2

The SF Encyclopedia describes this sub-genre under the heading ‘Ruined Earth’, by which it means: the longer-range sf aftermath of Disaster and Holocaust scenarios typified by: The rusting symbols of a technological past protruding into a more primitive, natural, future landscape The settings of both works mentioned by the OP, the role-playing game ...


2

The main issue with the list of genres in the question is that it mixes terms that have been used since antiquity (especially tragedy and comedy) with terms that are particular to specific periods or authors (history plays, epic theatre, theatre of the absurd) or to specific cultures (mostly Western, with the exception of classical Sanskrit theatre). In ...


1

An earlier example of a humorous ghost story is "The Rival Ghosts" by Brander Matthews, published in Harper's Magazine volume 68 (pages 905–913), in 1884, i.e. just three years before "The Canterville Ghost". It is a frame story in which a certain Uncle Larry tells a story about a certain Eliphalet Duncan who inherits a house that is ...


1

This type of literature is known as didactic literature; the term refers to any work of literature that aims to instruct the reader. Hesiod's Works and Days is an early Greek example; Lucretius's De rerum natura and Virgil's Georgica are two Latin examples. The Middle Ages produced a lot of didactic literature, most of it in verse. Examples in Middle English ...


1

Regarding the Zeigarnik Effect itself, it's a bit of a leap from an unfinished task being more memorable, to thinking that unresolved threads in a novel make the novel more memorable. In any case, there are criticisms of the effect itself. Wikipedia says: The reliability of the effect has been a matter of some controversy. Several later studies, ...


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