18

It seems to have been the editor who proposed the title, and the author didn't like it much. The original suggestion seems to have come from Fitzgerald's editor and friend, Maxwell Perkins: I always thought that "The Great Gatsby" was a suggestive and effective title, -- with only the vaguest knowledge of the book, of course. But anyway, the last thing ...


10

I think this would be an example of synecdoche, a figure of speech where a part of something is used to represent it. Here, the "raw vigor" of the new money society and the "euphemisms" employed by the old money society represent their respective societies. The nouveau riche find themselves restricted and suffocated under the mores and norms of the ...


9

The new-money people of West Egg, on the other hand, are more ostentatious about their hedonism. In essence, yes, you have caught the gist of the phrase. Daisy is aware, as is Nick, of the fact that the more conservative cultural mores are in play in West Egg, but the people there are closer to openly breaking free of them, of shrugging them off. There's ...


8

On the surface, Owl Eyes is a perceptive character. He sees things that others miss. In reality, though, he's more easily fooled than anyone. The large glasses, of course, tie him to the Eckleburg billboard. There's a continuous contrast between surface and reality in the book, with the nagging question of how to tell the difference. Bigger glasses? ...


8

Most likely this refers to the number of gears. The phrase "standard shift" nowadays refers to the type of transmission: manual transmission or automatic transmission according to which is considered "standard" in a given context (e.g. manual is generally more common in Europe, automatic in the United States). However, automatic transmission was only ...


8

The "old euphemisms" are hinting at the genteel elegance which is supposed to be a hallmark of "old money" — basically, an oligarchic noblesse oblige, a way of behaving which Old Money people lived by and taught to their children. If your family had been wealthy a long time, you knew it, everyone knew it, and there were certain standards to uphold. Flaunting ...


7

The phrase "that most limited of all specialists" refers to "the well-rounded man" in this sentence. When we refer to a "well-rounded" person, we refer to someone who generally knows a little about a lot of things, and is able to appreciate a lot of things. They're the sort of person that knows who painted the Mona Lisa and perhaps The Ambassadors (if you'...


6

The phrase is purposefully biblical and is used to denote Gatsby's inflated but empty ego. First, let's provide a dictionary definition of the unusual word "meretricious". apparently attractive but having no real value. So, the "vast, vulgar and meretricious beauty" is something impressive but ultimately empty. Prior to making this statement, the ...


4

TL;DR: Scott Fitzgerald is referring to Spring and Autumn. The "two changes of the year" are the transition from dormancy to growth (corresponding to Spring), and from maturity to dormancy (corresponding to Autumn/Fall). Some countries define the start of these two seasons as the respective equinoxes. In a sense this is a somewhat arbitrary assignment, as ...


4

The paragraphs in the question follow a description of a heatwave: The next day was broiling, almost the last, certainly the warmest, of the summer. As my train emerged from the tunnel into sunlight, only the hot whistles of the National Biscuit Company broke the simmering hush at noon. The straw seats of the car hovered on the edge of combustion [...] ...


4

I think you are attributing the handle to the wrong object. The cap covers the entry hole to the gasoline tank in the car. The handle is used to dispense the gasoline from the pump. In this context Pump means the above ground parts of the Gas Stations fuel tank. This image from The American Oil & Gas Historical Society should make it clearer. ...


4

Did Fitzgerald himself come up with the title? I believe so. I disagree with the claim that it is likely that Maxwell Perkins, Fitzgerald's editor, came up with the title. We have the correspondence between Perkins and Fitzgerald, and it's clear from this correspondence that Fitzgerald was unhappy with the title. Also, Perkins is certainly the first person ...


4

This Cambridge edition, with explanatory notes by James L W West III and Lynn Setzer specifically notes that although Margherita di Savoia was a real person, Queen of Italy from 1878 to 1900 and Queen Dowager thereafter, Cardinal Vitori was a fictitious character. This does not completely rule out his character being in some way based on a real person. ...


4

The story is set in Baltimore. Just for reference, here's the text of the short story, entitled "Esquire" (from the Afternoon of an Author collection) and dated to August 1936. The biggest chunk of information about the story's setting comes near the beginning: "Yes, I certainly need to get out," he thought. "I'd like to drive down the Shenandoah Valley,...


4

There's no great mystery to this: it literally means what it says. Newly-dug graves are often covered with canvas to protect them from the rain. Otherwise, the dug earth would turn to mud. This is especially true before the coffin is lowered into the hole. Not only is the expanse of bare earth greater, but making the hole blend in with the green grass makes ...


3

Well, first, the whole beginning of your quote is basically saying: Cody was rich, but as he was getting older and presumably had a soft spot for women or wasn't super clever, many women tried to marry him for his money. Ramifications means consequences. Madame de Maintenon is actually a historical figure. She was the second wife of King Louis XIV of ...


3

You should first ask who cares "in this heat whose flushed lips he kissed, whose head made damp the pajama pocket over his heart!" Who could the narrator know cares? The only person the narrator could know this about is the narrator himself. And if the narrator is talking about himself, it's a rhetorical statement; he is really reminding himself that he ...


3

In Chapter 1 we read “Why candles?” objected Daisy frowning. She snapped them out with her fingers. To ‘snap out’ a candle you extinguish the flame by literally snapping your fingers next to it as described and shown on this website and video. As to their becoming ‘accidental’ it may mean that the importance of their interactions were diminished from ...


2

There is a description of the Fay–Buchanan marriage in chapter 4: In June [1919] she [Daisy Fay] married Tom Buchanan of Chicago with more pomp and circumstance than Louisville ever knew before. He came down with a hundred people in four private cars and hired a whole floor of the Muhlbach Hotel, and the day before the wedding he gave her a string of ...


2

TL;DR: The book doesn’t say, so you’re going to have to imagine it for yourself. I looked on fanfiction.net, but no-one there has written a version of this scene. There are a few clues on which you might build your version of events. In chapter 8: And all the time something within her was crying for a decision. She wanted her life shaped now, immediately—...


1

Compare Tom and George (Wilson). This can be done with a Venn Diagram. Draw two big circles on the page. One side will be marked "Tom". The other side will be marked "George". The two circles must overlap. On Tom's side, you write Tom's characteristics. What does he look like? How does he behave? What is his personality like? On George's side, you write ...


1

In ‘common store of life’ the words are being used in the following senses (in the Oxford English Dictionary): common, adj. 1. a. ‘Belonging equally to more than one’ (Johnson); possessed or shared alike store, n. 5. a. collective possessions; accumulated goods or money life, n. 6. a. vitality or energy conveyed in action, thought, or expression;...


1

The green light on the other side of the lake symbolizes the american dream. He is separated from the other side by the large which represents the separation of class. Notice how Gatsby lives on the West Egg whereas all the old money folks live on the East Egg. The gap between the social statuses of Gatsby and Tom is what ensures that Gatsby, even though he ...


1

Nick did not tell Tom that Daisy was driving because then Myrtle's husband would have gone after Daisy instead of Gatsby. I also believe that Gatsby asked Nick not to tell anyone that it was Daisy driving to avoid any legal or moral trouble. Tom going into the jewelry store may show that Tom is over Gatsby and is now focusing on the materialistic side of the ...


1

Without re reading The Great Gastby I would suggest. "A stain from his hand" - could be an expression to suggest masturbation. Dark because someone finds sex nasty or because the object of the masturbation is unaccepted. I do remember the Great Gastby attempted to "expose" many nastiness conducts of the "high society" of London. "That anyone should care in ...


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