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10 votes
Accepted

Meaning of lines explaining Hrothgar's ruling in Heorot

The original text is: ⁊ þær on innan       eall gedælan geongum ⁊ ealdum       ſƿylc him god ſealde buton folc ſcare       ⁊ feorum gumena That is: and there within       all distribute to young ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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5 votes
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How does "handwriting" provide evidence for dating Beowulf's composition to "the first half of the eighth century"?

The history of a Wikipedia article can be investigated using the ‘wikiblame’ tool. This shows that the gloss “(handwriting)” for “palaeographical” was added, along with a couple of other glosses, in ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
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4 votes
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Approaching Beowulf scholarship - how to begin?

I have written up this guide in a way that should also be helpful for researching other work and authors from English literature, but the resources found are specific to Beowulf. The general approach ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
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1 vote

Is Half-Dane (Healfdene) in Beowulf half Danish and half Swedish?

From the Wikipedia article, summarizing from the Ynglinga Saga: Halfdan attacked King Aun of Sweden and drove him into exile into Götaland. Halfdan then ruled Sweden for twenty years until he died in ...
WolfRevokCats's user avatar
1 vote

What is the significance of Grendel being descended from Cain?

The story of the descendants of Cain is told in Genesis 4. Reading it may clarify this passage in Beowulf. Cain was an outcast for his crime, doomed to permanent exile. Jehovah sets a mark on him that ...
Etaoin Shrdlu's user avatar

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