21

It's a Biblical reference. Noting that Macbeth is speaking of his own hands, and his own fears, How is ’t with me when every noise appals me? it is clear that this is an allusion to Matthew chapter 18, which speaks metaphorically of removing one's own bodyparts if they should bring you to sin. Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them ...


15

Possibly the Bible? From Matthew 18:9: And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.


10

It is a reference to the English class system. Lady Bracknell, a stickler for propriety, is suggesting that the Liberals are lower class than herself. The lower classes don't dine in the evening, they merely eat a meal. Dinner was as much an institution as a simple meal. One dresses for dinner, is summoned by one's butler and is served by one's footmen. ...


10

Looking at Swami Krishnananda's book on The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (emphasis mine): This instruction, which was communicated to the Devas, Manushyās and Asuras – gods, men and demons – by the single letter Da repeated three times, meaning Dāmyata, Datta, Dayadhvam – be self-controlled, be charitable and be compassionate, is applicable to all ...


7

According to an interview (link) with surviving band member Joe Fletcher, "Mabel Grey" is in reference to a real ship of the same name, but was written by the late David Lamb and details about the inspiring shipwreck are unknown by anyone except possibly Lamb's wife. Is David Lamb the original writer of that song? He is. He actually co-wrote it with ...


7

The OP states that the source is hard to spell. That can't apply to the Bible. A classical character who actually blinds himself is Oedipus. His crime is the same as the one Macbeth contemplates--regicide, or murdering the king. Shakespeare's audience would be familiar with the story of Oedipus and with the constant reminders about the evils of regicide. ...


6

Random Harvest (1942) has many of the elements mentioned in Catcher in the Rye: The hero is an English officer who was wounded in the First World War and lost his memories. He meets and falls in love with a woman. He becomes a writer. He recovers his original (pre-war) memories when his head is struck accidentally. When he recovers his pre-war memories he ...


6

There is indeed a resonance with Norse mythology. In Völuspá, stanza 39 according to Codex Regius, or 24 according to Hauksbók (there are otherwise only variations of tense between them in this stanza), we are told of a giantess in an eastern forest, giving birth to a brood of wolves: The giantess old in Ironwood sat, In the east, and bore ...


6

There really aren't that many authorship debates, since an author's name will usually become associated with a story whether or not they actually wrote the work in question --- such as Homer (leading to the Homeric Question) or Aesop --- and with the invention of the printing press, they'd usually get their names on the cover to boot. Pretty much the only ...


5

Cú Chulainn is a famous character from Irish myth, and the accidental slaying of his son is part of the legend. On Baile's Strand is a retelling of parts of the myth, with some added subplots and comedy. Yeats, being Irish, would have presumed his audience was familiar with the rest of the story already. In the myth, the young Cú Chulainn travels to ...


5

To add to muru's excellent answer, taking on the "why" part of the question, this final part of Eliot's poem presents us with a world in ruins, not as much in substance as in spirit. The prevailing intention I think, is to depict spiritual emptiness: with the invocation of the biblical crucifixion with no resurrection, the depiction of the Grail with towers ...


5

This comes from Confucius, in his Analects, 9.26. The Master said: “You can snatch away the general of a large army, but you cannot snatch away the will of even the lowliest of men.” This connection is made in Bill McKibben's edition of Walden, page 307.


4

The idea of surveillance by governments and of a privileged caste demanding and receiving privacy isn't unique to Orwell, but that scene certainly does sound as though it's pretty much a “straight lift”. From 1984, Book Two, Chapter Eight: As O’Brien passed the telescreen a thought seemed to strike him. He stopped, turned aside and pressed a switch on the ...


4

This excerpt: Montag shook his head. He looked at a blank wall. The girl's face was there, really quite beautiful in memory: astonishing, in fact. She had a very thin face like the dial of a small clock seen faintly in a dark room in the middle of a night when you waken to see the time and see the clock telling you the hour and the minute and the second, ...


3

tl;dr Tagore's progressive take on the plight of widows rebukes Chatterjee's retrograde portrayal of widow remarriage. Introduction Like Rabindranath Tagore's চোখের বালি / chokher baali "A Speck of Sand in the Eye" (1903), Bankim Chandra Chatterjee's novel বিষবৃক্ষ / viShavR^ikSha, "The Poison Tree" (1873) takes as its subject the ...


3

The quoted sentence is a piece of rhetoric in which Michael Herr belittles Operation Pegasus by proxy, distancing himself from the criticism by placing it in the mouth of Stendhal, who is a convenient spokesman because he’s dead and can’t complain about being misrepresented. An “outpost” is “a detachment of soldiers situated at a distance from the main body ...


3

I am not convinced that "mere vessels of happiness" is in fact a "famous image" as claimed by Benatar. If it were famous then I would expect to be able to find more instances of the image using tools like Google Book Search or Google Scholar, but I have been unable to do so. The closest that I have been able to find is in Singer (1981): But pure ...


2

I propose Jerome K. Jerome's "The New Utopia" (1891), which can be read online. Story similarities In this story, the narrator is a man who falls asleep and misses "the great social revolution of 1899", remaining asleep (and preserved in a glass case at the Museum of Curiosities) for one thousand years until he awakes in the 29th century. This far-distant ...


2

As muru mentioned in his answer, the Upanishad Eliot is referencing is the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. Eliot added the following footnote: “Datta, dayadhvam, damyata” (Give, sympathise, control). The fable of the meaning of the Thunder is found in the Brihadaranyaka—Upanishad, 5, 1. A translation is found in Deussen's Sechsig Upanishads des Veda, p. 489. I ...


1

I don't know the source of the allusion. It might be one of these: This appears in Chaper II of Tess of the D'Urbervilles: Tess Durbeyfield at this time of her life was a mere vessel of emotion untinctured by experience. And Confucius (on pp. 71 and 94 of the book linked here) is said to have said Tzŭ Kung asked, saying: What, Sir, is your opinion ...


1

Unclear. There's certainly some evidence that characters' names in Love were chosen carefully: the names Vida and Vivian both refer to life[1], and these characters (Romen's grandmother and Junior's mother) are in some sense the people who gave life to Romen and Junior; Roman's surname Gibbons could be a reference to the classical historian Edward Gibbon, ...


1

Others have already correctly pointed out that "they pluck out mine eyes" is a reference to Matthew 18.9 (here quoted in the King James Version): And if thine eie offend thee, plucke it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eie, rather then hauing two eies, to be cast into hell fire. See also Mark 9.47: ...


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