Questions tagged [sumerian-literature]

Questions about works of literature originally written in Sumerian, a language from ancient Mesopotamia.

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Why did the gods send the flood in The Epic of Gilgamesh?

A previous question asks about the comparative timescale of the flood story that appears in the Book of Genesis and the one that appears in the Epic of Gilgamesh. An interesting apparent difference is ...
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What does it mean that Gilgamesh “took” the people of Uruk?

From The Epic of Gilgamesh, modernised Muss-Arnolt translation: None with weapon might challenge him as rival. His men stand at attention, longing for his orders; but the old men of Uruk grouse ...
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How can Gilgamesh be one-third man and two-thirds god?

In The Epic of Gilgamesh, it says that the gods made Gilgamesh to be two-thirds god and one-third man: Two thirds god they made him; one third man they made him. -- modernised Muss-Arnolt ...
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Why did the gods decide that Enkidu must die?

In the Epic of Gilgamesh, a major turning point is the death of Enkidu as a punishment from the gods after he and Gilgamesh slew both Humbaba and Gugalanna. From the modernised Muss-Arnolt translation,...
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1answer
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Is there really a single “Old Babylonian version” of the Epic of Gilgamesh?

From the Wikipedia article about the Epic of Gilgamesh: From the diverse sources found, two main versions of the epic have been partially reconstructed: the standard Akkadian version, or He who saw ...
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1answer
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What is the 'full' version of The Epic of Gilgamesh?

I looked at a PDF of the Epic of Gilgamesh, and it was very pretty. Then, I decided that I wanted to purchase the physical copy of the book. While the version that I read online, which I thought was ...
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2answers
314 views

Which flood story was first?

I have heard that the The Epic of Gilgamesh may predate the stories of Noah told in Abrahamic works. Is there any evidence to support which story came first?