Skip to main content

Questions tagged [akkadian-language]

Questions about works of literature originally written in Akkadian, an extinct Semitic language from ancient Mesopotamia.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
1 answer
63 views

Why did the king lend Gimil-Ninurta his chariot?

In "The Poor Man of Nippur," Gimil-Ninurta seeks the first part of his revenge upon the mayor of Nippur, who has insulted and mistreated him, by borrowing a chariot and the clothing of a ...
Obie 2.0's user avatar
  • 867
17 votes
3 answers
3k views

Does the Epic of Gilgamesh have a continuous cultural history?

Over 4000 years ago, the Epic of Gilgamesh was first told and written down on clay tablets. Today, as far as I understand, the story is known from the discovery of those tablets in recent centuries. ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
5 votes
2 answers
293 views

Why is it notable that the "monkey tablet" has monkeys?

My literature professor has been very insistent on the importance of having an updated translation which incorporates recently-discovered (well, recent on the scale of Gilgamesh discoveries) sections ...
bobble's user avatar
  • 9,854
14 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do the Bible and the Epic of Gilgamesh really contain the same rare proverb about the strength of a triple-stranded rope?

According to the Wikipedia article The Epic of Gilgamesh, Several scholars suggest direct borrowing of Siduri's advice by the author of Ecclesiastes.[41] A rare proverb about the strength of a triple-...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 46.1k
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

What features distinguish the hymnic-epic style from Standard Babylonian?

In the general introduction to Before the Muses: An Anthology of Akkadian Literature (third edition, CDL Press, 2005) Benjamin R. Foster discusses the "Akkadian literary languages": The Babylonians ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 46.1k
2 votes
1 answer
752 views

Who is Gugalanna?

In this question I originally used the name Gugalanna for the Heaven-Bull slain by Gilgamesh and Enkidu, following Wikipedia. After a query in comments, I edited the question since the name Gugalanna ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
5 votes
3 answers
344 views

What percentage of clay tablets found in Mesopotamia contain literature?

Most of the major cuneiform tablet discoveries date from the 1840s and later. Cuneiform was used to write several languages, including Sumerian (a language isolate according to the current state of ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 46.1k
3 votes
1 answer
433 views

What is the content of the “monkey tablet” of the Gilgamesh epic?

In an answer to an older question about the Flood in Gilgamesh, Denkof Zwemmen quotes the recent translation (2019) by Stanley Lombardo. The translation's publisher describes this translation as ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 46.1k
5 votes
2 answers
10k views

Why did the gods send the flood in The Epic of Gilgamesh?

A previous question asks about the comparative timescale of the flood story that appears in the Book of Genesis and the one that appears in the Epic of Gilgamesh. An interesting apparent difference is ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does it mean that Gilgamesh "took" the people of Uruk?

From The Epic of Gilgamesh, modernised Muss-Arnolt translation: None with weapon might challenge him as rival. His men stand at attention, longing for his orders; but the old men of Uruk grouse ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

How can Gilgamesh be one-third man and two-thirds god?

In The Epic of Gilgamesh, it says that the gods made Gilgamesh to be two-thirds god and one-third man: Two thirds god they made him; one third man they made him. -- modernised Muss-Arnolt ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
4 votes
1 answer
7k views

Why did the gods decide that Enkidu must die?

In the Epic of Gilgamesh, a major turning point is the death of Enkidu as a punishment from the gods after he and Gilgamesh slew both Humbaba and the Heaven-Bull. From the modernised Muss-Arnolt ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
8 votes
2 answers
788 views

Is there really a single "Old Babylonian version" of the Epic of Gilgamesh?

From the Wikipedia article about the Epic of Gilgamesh: From the diverse sources found, two main versions of the epic have been partially reconstructed: the standard Akkadian version, or He who saw ...
Rand al'Thor's user avatar
  • 73.9k
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the 'full' version of The Epic of Gilgamesh?

I looked at a PDF of the Epic of Gilgamesh, and it was very pretty. Then, I decided that I wanted to purchase the physical copy of the book. While the version that I read online, which I thought was ...
user31078's user avatar
  • 361
17 votes
4 answers
3k views

Which flood story was first: Genesis or The Epic of Gilgamesh?

I have heard that The Epic of Gilgamesh may predate the stories of Noah told in Abrahamic works. Is there any evidence to support which story came first?
James Jenkins's user avatar