And then there is English nationalism. Defining yourself as English rather than British was one of the most accurate indicators of a Brexit vote.But what is English identity? It is not like other nationalisms. A Scottish Nationalist might resent Edinburgh a bit but nothing like an English nationalist will loath London and, to his or her mind, what it stands for. The common identifiers of someone describing themselves as
English more than British will be a sense that they are not doing very well, struggling perhaps. They will usually look at the pace of change and migration and feel it is "time to put people like me first". It is often linked to a sense that life would be better if the clock could be turned back. Five years ago, Peter Kellner delved into the issues and found that "English" voters overwhelmingly wanted their country to withdraw from the world and that international agreements were more trouble than they were worth compared with "British" voters who were much more evenly divided between internationalists and isolationists.14
The Labour MP Tristram Hunt has been at the forefront of Labour attempts to get in touch with English sentiment. He's recalled George Orwell's admonishment back in 1941 that [1.] England was "the only great country whose intellectuals are ashamed of their own nationality. [2.] In Left wing circles it is always felt there is something slightly disgraceful in being an Englishman." [mine] But those Labour souls that struggled to find an English nationalism they could identify with are struggling even more after June's referendum. Fintan O'Toole in The Irish Times wrote straight after the referendum: "England has not had the time, nor made the effort, to develop an inclusive, civic, progressive nationalism. It is left with a nationalism that is scarcely articulated in positive terms at all and that thus plugs into the darker energies of resentment and xenophobia. 15
Please expound 1? What are the reasons of the shame?
Please expound 2?