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According to The Silmarillion and Tolkien's legendarium as a whole, the Elves first awoke in Cuiviénen, by a gulf in the Sea of Helcar. We learn that in The War of Wrath (Chapter 3, Quenta Silmarillion) and the times afterwards, many parts of the landscape were changed, and it is said that1 "to Cuiviénen there is no returning". Still, there is the possibility that some of the lands around it survived. It has even been hypothesized that the Sea of Rhûn is the remnant of the Sea of Helcar.

Are there any accounts of Elves (specifically, the Eldar, not the Avari) exploring Rhûn or the lands eastward, to try to find Cuiviénen and other ancestral lands? If so, were they successful?

1 Cuiviénen must have survived the War, as the Valar "set a watch" over it to protect the Quendi.


Meta-note:

I do understand that this is perhaps on the border of the site's scope, as I'm not necessarily asking about something that happened in The Silmarillion itself. However, I think this question is in the same vein as What are the Riddle Rules? or Is Judaism represented in the Narnia books? - questions about the universe - and is therefore on-topic. Feedback, though - including about downvotes or details specific to the book which I could add - is very much appreciated, as always.

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    Aragorn and Eomer travel to the area around Rhun during their conquests after the War of the Ring. But since you're asking about Elves specifically, I guess that doesn't count. – Rand al'Thor Jan 26 '17 at 2:30
  • @Randal'Thor Yes, I don't think those count. The motives of Elves and Men are quite different, and I assume that Aragorn and Eomer did not go there just to explore for the sake of exploring (or did they?). – HDE 226868 Jan 26 '17 at 2:33
  • I haven't dug out the exact quote to check, but IIRC they went there to fight/conquer/make peace with the Easterling men, not just to explore. – Rand al'Thor Jan 26 '17 at 2:34
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They probably had at least some contact with those lands.

Dorwinion is a land adjacent to the Sea of Rhun, at least according to this map by Pauline Baynes:

Map of the East

And the Elves of Mirkwood, at least, drank wine which came from Dorwinion. From The Hobbit, Chapter 9:

"Now come with me," he said, "and taste the new wine that has just come in. I shall be hard at work tonight clearing the cellars of the empty wood, so let us have a drink first to help the labour." [...] It must be potent wine to make a wood-elf drowsy; but this wine, it would seem, was the heady vintage of the great gardens of Dorwinion, not meant for his soldiers or his servants, but for the king's feasts only, and for smaller bowls not for the butler's great flagons.

Dorwinion, or Dor-Winion, is also mentioned as a source of fine wine in The Lay of the Children of Hurin, line 230:

There baked flesh and bread from his wallet
they had to their hearts’ joy; but their heads were mazed
by the wine of Dor-Winion that went in their veins,
and they soundly slept on the soft needles
of the tall pine-trees that towered above.

In an unpublished essay, which can be found cited in various places on the internet, Tolkien said that:

[Dorwinion] was probably far south down the R. Running, and its Sindarin name a testimony to the spread of Sindarin: in this case expectable since the the cultivation of vines was not known originally to the Nandor or Avari.

This suggests that Dorwinion was inhabited at least partially by the Nandor or the Avari, and perhaps (but not necessarily, given the spread of the Sindarin language) also the Sindar. All three of these groups consisted of Elves who did not complete the Great Journey to Valinor.

Now the Silvan elves of Mirkwood were descendants of the Nandor, who, despite not having gone all the way to Valinor, were still among those who left Cuiviénen. You say "specifically, the Eldar, not the Avari", without mentioning any of the other groups of Elves, but I'm guessing that you'll count the Elves of Mirkwood, who dwell much further east than Rhun.

So we know that at the least, there was trade between the western Elves and the lands around Rhun. Anything more than that will, I think, be a matter of speculation; as far as I can tell, none of Tolkien's writings describe Elven expeditions to the East, but nor do they say that such expeditions never happened. And there's a lot of discussion on the internet about this and related issues:

The fact that there is so much discussion and speculation indicates that there's no 'canonical' answer, beyond the pieced-together facts about Dorwinion which I've outlined above.



(Some of this answer is based on the same idea - Dorwinion - as Riker's now-deleted answer. But I've provided a lot more evidence, links, and quotes, so I think I can safely say that this answer is my own work.)

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