In 1984, London is the chief city of the province Airstrip One (which consists of the UK), which is a part of the superstate Oceania. Is there a reason why it's called Airstrip One?

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    I think it's meant to be a deprecatory name, where the Powers That Be in the US think of Britain as little more than a convenient airstrip. But I don't have a reference for that!
    – Gaurav
    Commented Jan 18, 2017 at 20:48

2 Answers 2


I'm pretty sure it's a satirical jab at the perceived takeover of Britain by the United States. Just as in real life the US has filled Britain with its airbases, in the world of 1984 the entire country is seen as just a minor offshoot of US military power, a mere "airstrip" for the USAF to launch their warplanes from. We already know that the United States has taken over Britain; this is stated explicitly at the very start of Chapter III (War is Peace) of Emmanuel Goldstein's magnum opus:

The splitting up of the world into three great super-states was an event which could be and indeed was foreseen before the middle of the twentieth century. With the absorption of Europe by Russia and of the British Empire by the United States, two of the three existing powers, Eurasia and Oceania, were already effectively in being.

(emphasis mine)

This would also fit with Orwell's generally anti-American attitude. 1984 has no mercy: it rips into the Soviet system of 'communism' but also into the west, the US and Britain.

As Mark notes in a comment, the name "Airstrip One" is also a clear reference to the way Britain is sometimes referred to in real life as an unsinkable aircraft carrier for the United States. (This phrase likely dates back further than the publication of 1984; one of Wikipedia's citations is to this Time Magazine article from 1950.)

The only other relevant quote I've found is this from Chapter 3:

Even the names of countries, and their shapes on the map, had been different. Airstrip One, for instance, had not been so called in those days: it had been called England, or Britain, though London, he felt fairly certain, had always been called London.

... which confirms that Airstrip One is indeed the country we now call Britain or England. But very little is known about life in the world outside of London in 1984, beyond broad generalities, so it's unlikely that there's a canonical answer to this in-universe.

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    It's also something of a reference to World War II, where the British Isles were referred to by various American generals as an "unsinkable aircraft carrier".
    – Mark
    Commented Jan 19, 2017 at 23:05
  • @Mark Good catch! Edited in that reference.
    – Rand al'Thor
    Commented Jan 20, 2017 at 3:02
  • "Goldstein's book" is not a reliable source, though, as it was written by the inner party, not Goldstein, and individualised for each reader.
    – Steadybox
    Commented Mar 17, 2018 at 0:37
  • @Steadybox Are we sure about that? AFAIR, much of the real secret goings-on remained a mystery: WInston asked O'Brien questions like "does Goldstein exist?" "does Big Brother exist?" and never got a straight answer. Sure, it makes sense that the Inner Party made the book, but how do you know it was individualised for each reader?
    – Rand al'Thor
    Commented Mar 17, 2018 at 12:17
  • @Randal'Thor Nevermind, I misremembered a couple of sentences O'Brien said. In any case, he claims that he collaborated in writing the book, but he also admits that its description of the world is accurate. Of course he could be lying, but I don't see any reason why he would need to at that point (unless the world outside England/London is very different from what the whole story leads you to believe).
    – Steadybox
    Commented Mar 17, 2018 at 20:16

In his 1943 article, “The Round World and the Winning of the Peace,” English geographer Halford Mackinder described Britain as a 'moated aerodrome' in the 'Midland Ocean' (ie the North Atlantic and surrounding countries, ie the US, Canada, France, and the UK).

It's been suggested already that the Ingsoc slogan in 1984 ('Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past') was inspired by Mackinder's summary of his Heartland theory: 'Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island; who rules the World-Island commands the world' (in Democratic Ideals and Reality, 1919). Perhaps Mackinder's 'moated aerodrome' also served as an inspiration for 'Airstrip One'.

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