I was reading the Nobel Prize website page on the nomination and selection of Literature Laureates, and didn't quite understand the list of people and organisations eligible to submit nominations:
The right to submit proposals for the award of a Nobel Prize in Literature shall, by statute, be enjoyed by:
- Members of the Swedish Academy and of other academies, institutions and societies which are similar to it in construction and purpose;
- Professors of literature and of linguistics at universities and university colleges;
- Previous Nobel Laureates in Literature;
- Presidents of those societies of authors that are representative of the literary production in their respective countries.
Of the four items in this list, #3 is completely unambiguous, #2 is also pretty clear, and #1 is reasonably clear (although one might quibble about what precisely constitutes being "similar" to the Swedish Academy). The one I really don't get is #4.
What does it mean for a society of authors to be "representative of the literary production in their [country]", for the purposes of the Nobel Prize nomination procedure?