In the play "An Inspector Calls" by J.B Priestley, Mr Birling gives a speech at the beginning of the play riddled with dramatic irony and selfish statements; he doesn't get to finish the speech as the Inspector arrives. Near the end of the play, after the Inspector exposes the Birlings for their crimes and misbehavior, the Inspector gives a speech which completely opposes Mr Birling's.
Birling's speech (before the Inspector arrives):
"......... a man has to make his own way- has to look after himself - and his family too, of course, when he has one - and so long as he does that he won't come to much harm. But the way some of these cranks talk and write now, you'd think everybody has to look after everybody else, as if we were all mixed up together like bees in a hive- community and all that nonsense. But take my word for it you youngsters - and I've learnt in the good hard of school of experience - that a man has to mind his own business and look after himself and his own and-"
"But just remember this. One Eva Smith has gone - but there are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths left with us, with their lives, their hopes and fears, their suffering and a chance of happiness, all intertwined with our lives and what we think and say and do. We don't live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other. And I tell you that the time will soon come when, if men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught in fire and blood and anguish."
I understand that the Inspector is a mouthpiece for J.B Priestley but what I don't understand is how these two speeches are opposite to each other. I understand that the Inspector says we are all responsible for each other, but he states that throughout the play.
Can someone please explain how these two speeches are polar opposites?