Malice (2009) was the first hybrid graphic novel I read, though I've seen more than one other since.

By "hybrid graphic novel," I mean a book that contains passages of both traditional, unillustrated text, as well as graphic passages, with captioned panels of images.

I doubt that Chris Wooding was the first to write a novel in this fashion. Who wrote the first hybrid graphic novel?

This interests me because so many like to consider comics and prose literature to be two entirely different things (and, sadly, often assign value to "real literature" only). Hybrid graphic novels, to my mind, are a kind of literary Third Stream. And for me, personally, Malice was a bridge of sorts into the world of comics (and away from the aforementioned literary snobbery).

So I'd like to know who came up with the idea, and also try to read the first of these hybrids, to get better acquainted with these kinds of books.

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    I was uncertain about (creating and) using an author tag for Chris Wooding. However, this question really isn't about his works, so I left it out. – Shokhet May 2 '17 at 16:28
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    I've seen forewordreviews.com/articles/article/…, but none of those predate 2009. I'm having difficulty finding relevant search results. – Shokhet May 2 '17 at 16:31
  • Thanks for the tag, @Mithrandir. Note that question titles don't need to contain actual questions if they're sufficiently clear, but I don't mind your new title. – Shokhet May 2 '17 at 17:07
  • Would half text, half (pure) drawing qualify? ericdenoorman.nl/images/2394.jpg – Bookeater May 3 '17 at 12:02
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    The author of the 2007 book The Invention of Hugo Cabret, Brian Selznick, describes it as "not exactly a novel, not quite a picture book, not really a graphic novel, or a flip book or a movie, but a combination of all these things." Does it count? I believe it was sui generis when it was published. – Peter Shor Aug 17 '18 at 16:39

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