Many of the names in the Harry Potter series are chosen so as to reflect some trait of their character. For example: Sirius Black the black dog, Remus Lupin the wolf, Severus the severe teacher, Luna Lovegood the eccentric but caring friend, and so on.

Narcissa Malfoy's name seems to suggest that she's full of herself, but as far as I can tell, the main motivation driving her in the books is to protect her son, not herself. She sacrifices a great deal for Draco, even essentially betraying Voldemort for his sake in the end - surely "maternal" would be a better way of describing her than "narcissistic".

Why, then, the name Narcissa? What does this say about her character? Is there a narcissistic side to the way she's portrayed in the books which I've missed?

  • I don't have the books on hand so I can't expand this into a real answer, but one could interpret even Narcissa's protectiveness as basically selfish. She has no problem supporting a violent dictator until it's her own family on the line, and she only ever does the right thing when she stands to gain something, like protection for her son. She even asks Snape to make an Unbreakable Vow, putting his own life on the line, for her son's sake, and offers no greater reward than flattery. Of course, Snape only goes along because it's good for his cover, but it took some nerve for Narcissa to ask.
    – Torisuda
    Apr 27, 2017 at 14:05
  • Very surprised that no one has given a detailed comparison of Narcissa and Narcissus, the character from Greek mythology.
    – user111
    Jul 7, 2017 at 5:11
  • @Hamlet I'd be interested to see that, if such a comparison can be made.
    – Rand al'Thor
    Jul 7, 2017 at 9:27
  • Surprising that nobody addressed the last name. Malfoy: mal, bad, foy, faith.
    – verbose
    Feb 15, 2021 at 12:32

1 Answer 1


Spoilers involved! TL;DR at the bottom.

In an interview (1,2,3), the author says the following about the name Narcissa (emphasis mine):

queenmarion: I noticed in the Black Family tree that everyone is named after a constellation. Is this intentional? Does this have any bearing on the plot?

JK Rowling: It's just one of those family traditions, although Narcissa breaks the trend. I had always thought of her as 'Narcissa' so I decided not to change her to match the others when I came up with their names. There's been a lot of speculation that she is in some way linked to Lily and Petunia, because of the flower theme, but I can put that rumour to rest here: she isn't related to them.

While this isn't necessarily true, it does raise a lot of interesting questions about the connection between "Narcissa" and other names of people in the Harry Potter series.

Constellation names in the Black family

For a start, the rest of the Black family are named after constellations:

The fact that Narcissa isn't named after a constellation or star may suggest she is slightly different from the rest of her family, and indeed she is in the fact that, to her, family is more important than Voldemort. But the fact that all their names are part of Greek myths show they are related.

People with flower names

Also mentioned in the quote is the flower theme. Narcissus is a genus of flowering plants which includes the daffodils, and Narcissa is only one of many characters in Harry Potter whose names relate to flowers. This Radio Times article gives a nice list:

Hogwarts itself also plays host to a number of flower-named characters, including Pansy Parkinson, Lavender Brown, Poppy Pomfrey and Beauxbatons visitor Fleur Delacour.

The most important characters with flower names apart from Narcissa are of course the sisters Lily Potter and Petunia Dursley. While JK says that they aren't related to Narcissa, the fact they are all named after flowers might show something else. So what do Lily, Petunia and Narcissa have in common? Well, they all have completely different personalities, but they all have one thing in common. They are all very caring of their sons.

  • Lily cared for Harry so much she sacrificed herself to save him.

    We all know how Harry got that scar. Lily's love for Harry allowed him to be saved, but at the cost of Lily's life.

  • Petunia may hate Harry, but she is very caring of Dudley.

    It is very clear that Dudley is a spoilt child. But this is because Petunia loves him, and is just pampering him too much.

  • Narcissa cares so much for Draco that she risks her life to protect him.

    She is so worried for Draco that she gets Snape to make an Unbreakable Vow to protect him (in Chapter Two of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince).

So we have all three very maternal women linked by their names.

The language of flowers

Similar to the last section, there may be hints in the language of flowers.

There are already signs of this appearing in the books (see here), so the flowers may suggest something about each character.

  • 'Lily' symbolises motherhood, beauty and purity

    This site has the following list on what a lily means: royalty and regal bearing, motherhood and fertility, purity and the beauty of youth, passion and drive, renewal and rebirth. Some of these, in particular motherhood, purity and beauty of youth (remember Snape and James both liking her) definitely relate to her character.

  • Petunia symbolises anger and resentment, in how she acts towards Harry

    The same site says that a petunia represents: anger, resentment, being with you is soothing. She is definitely angry and resentful towards Harry for being a wizard. It pretty much sums up her character, except for the maternal side.

    What I did find interesting was that further down the page under different colour meanings it says: Pink – Motherly Love, Femininity, Gentleness, Compassion (Although it says this doesn't apply specifically to Petunias.) Motherly love is definitely part of her character, just not so much auntly love.

So there are links for the meaning of each flower to each woman; what about Narcissa?

Well, the same site has quite a range of things that it symbolies, as it veries in different cultures. There were a couple that definitely apply though. It contains Prosperity and wealth, especially in the future and Future misfortune. Both of these are definitely true, the Malfoy family are rich, rich enough for Lucius to buy the entire Slytherin Quidditch team Nimbus 2001s to outdo Harry's 2000.

They certainly aren't a very lucky family. They get in Voldemort's bad books and he gives Draco the task of killing Dumbledore.

This site also has something intersting under the Victorian meanings section:

In the Victorian Language of Flowers Narcissus implies respect, decorum and devotion.

Narcissa is certainly a very devoted mother.

While there isn't quite as much here, there are certainly some links.

But not narcissistic?

The one thing you'd think that the name suggested, it doesn't actually seem to suggest.

There certainly isn't any evidence in the book that Narcissa is Narcissistic. There is some evidence that Bellatrix might be, Lockhart is very Narcissistic, and even Voldemort to some extent is, but there is no evidence for Narcissa. A Narcissist would protect themselves at all costs, but Narcissa risks herself and her relationships in order to protect Draco.

Conclusion and summary

While JK says the name just stuck, there are links to the motherly aspects of Lily and Petunia via flowers, and the fact that she isn't named after a star/constellation shows she might be different from the rest of the Black family in the fact that family is more important than Voldemort to her.

  • "Narcissa however isn't a star or a constellation. Narcissa thus continued her family tradition of naming children after stars and constellations, like her name (narcissus)" - I think you mean the opposite here? These sentences seem to contradict each other.
    – Rand al'Thor
    Apr 23, 2017 at 12:38
  • 3
    Also, I wouldn't take anything JKR says about her books seriously. You're gonna need to find something better than the author's word for this.
    – Rand al'Thor
    Apr 23, 2017 at 12:39
  • 1
    @Randal'Thor okay, first thanks I'll change that.Lastly yeah I'll just shorten it. And for JKR's word, what sort of evidence are you looking for? Surely the author knows best about what they intended? Apr 23, 2017 at 12:48
  • 5
    sigh Haven't you followed any of the authorial-intent discussions on this site? You might want to read the answers to this question. Also, JKR is particularly well known for spouting the sheerest sh!te about her books - she's one of the last authors I'd be likely to believe even if I did subscribe to the short-sighted "surely the author knows best" attitude in general.
    – Rand al'Thor
    Apr 23, 2017 at 12:56
  • 1
    This answer looks much better now, thanks! One thing I still don't get: what significance are you assigning to "respect, decorum and devotion" for Narcissa? Devoted to Draco, yes, but what does her/Lucius's richness have to do with anything?
    – Rand al'Thor
    Apr 23, 2017 at 17:08

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