Pull up has various meanings, but here means "retrieve" (as from a computer system). This idiomatic sense is recent and perhaps IT jargon. I couldn't find it in many dictionaries but it's in YourDictionary.com: "(idiomatic) Retrieve; get." Example sentence: "Pull up that website for me, it looks quite interesting." Pulling up a website or an image are very similar: in either case it is coming from a computer server of some sort.
Specific to this poem, it seems to be describing an operator getting an image from some kind of database or image storage system as part of the process of selecting a target or assessing the result of a military strike. By using jargon, it is emphasising that the procedure is done on a computer, and the phrase emphasises that it's a trivial, quick operation like accessing a web page. It doesn't require any risk or danger, no travelling, no special mission (in the past if you wanted surveillance you might have to send a spy-plane or agent on the ground). It emphasises how warfare has become a matter of operating a computer from a desk.