Does anyone know where this poem originates from:

One fine morning in the middle of the night,
Two dead men got up to fight,
Back to back they faced each other,
Drew their swords and shot one another.

I suspect it is from the Victorian era but would be interested to know if it has any definite origins?

Bonus: Are there more of this type of poem and is there a name for this genre of poem?

  • I've heard a few variations of this poem. Most were longer than this one but essentially started the same way
    – Shokhet
    Commented Mar 26, 2017 at 18:09
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    As for the genre, I would call it a "nonsense poem".
    – Rand al'Thor
    Commented Mar 26, 2017 at 18:10
  • What research have you done? Why do you "suspect it is from the Victorian era"?
    – Shokhet
    Commented Mar 26, 2017 at 18:10
  • Cited as an example of nonsense verse on Wikipedia. There are other examples there if you're interested.
    – Shokhet
    Commented Mar 26, 2017 at 18:37
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    Other people have been searching for the source of this poem for a while, eg poetrylibrary.org.uk/queries/lostquotes/?id=134. One comment on that page says "In one form or another the modern version of Two Dead Boys, including many orphan pieces, has been collected from children in playgrounds since the middle of the 19th century. A detailed study with examples collected throughout the British Isles since the turn of the 20th century can be found in Iona and Peter Opie?s The Lore and Language of Schoolchildren [1959, Oxford. Oxford University Press, pp. 24-29]."
    – Shokhet
    Commented Mar 26, 2017 at 18:42

2 Answers 2


It's old. Like, really old. So old that it's impossible to tell where it originated.

The book The Lore and Language of Schoolchildren by Iona and Peter Opie, published in 1959, catalogues many different schoolyard poems from throughout the first half of the twentieth century, including the following version of the one you're interested in:

Ladles and jellyspoons
I stand upon this speech to make a platform
the train I arrived in has not yet come
so I took a bus and walked
I come before you to stand behind you
and tell you something I know nothing about!

One fine day in the middle of the night
two dead men got up to a fight
back to back they faced each other
drew their swords and shot each other
a paralysed donkey passing by
kicked a blind man in the eye
knocked him through a nine inch wall
into a dry ditch and drowned them all.

I haven't actually read the Opies' book myself, but according to this page:

Opie noted that this had been collected in 12 different schools around the UK, but that it had also been collected, with almost no variation, fifty years before. It was probably older than that, too.

This rhyme most likely evolved from other nonsense rhymes based on similar themes: opposites put together, blind people watching, deaf people hearing, and so on. A manuscript in the Bodleian library dating back to 1480 contains the following lines:

I saw three headless [men] playing at a ball,
A handless man served them all.
While three mouthless men laughed,
Three legless [men] from them ran.

I've also found several sources pointing to a 1305 manuscript The Land of Cockaigne for an even older version of this kind of nonsense poem, but I haven't managed to track down a copy of the original manuscript to check the details. The primary source here appears to be The Mummers' Play by R. J. E. Tiddy, published in 1923, the relevant citation being on p. 116.

With such a long history, it seems the best conclusion we can draw is that the idea of this poem has been around so long that it's pretty much a folk tradition. It's been handed down from generation to generation, probably mostly orally, and has of course changed and mutated quite a lot over the last seven hundred years. But trying to pin down an 'original author', for any particular version of the poem, is a fruitless venture in this centuries-long game of Chinese Whispers. Even today, there are many slightly different versions of the poem, and no single 'canonical' wording - just look at the number of variations listed here and here, for example.
As for your bonus question about the genre of this poem, I would say it's a classical nonsense rhyme. It should be noted, however, that there are two distinct kinds of nonsense poem: ones like this where the words make sense individually but become nonsensical when put together in the right way, and ones like Lewis Carroll's Jabberwocky which are full of nonsense words.

Some would say that only the latter counts as a true nonsense rhyme:

Although the Two Dead Boys poem (“One Fine Day in the Middle of the Night”) is often referred to as a nonsense rhyme, the description is not strictly accurate. It is clearly understandable in any of its many forms and versions and the impossibilities in the story are no more than sensible words and phrases that have been transposed. An example of a true nonsense rhyme can be seen for instance in the first four lines of Lewis Carroll’s “Jabberwocky” from Through the Looking Glass [...] One can get a feeling for the severe, gathering darkness of the poem from Carroll’s introductory lines but, until Humpty Dumpty explains it in its entirety, the poem, and particularly these first four lines, makes no sense at all.

But in everyday parlance, "nonsense verse" can certainly be used to cover both types of poem.

The former type specifically have also been called ballads of impossibilities:

The folklorist and writer Ed Cray, writing to others on an Internet ballad chat line, noted that the rhyme [the same one you're asking about] was a “Ballad of Impossibilities” and that, “A number of these songs/ballads of impossibilities were printed as broadsides in the 18th and 19th centuries.[”]

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    The version I know has a line about "A deaf policeman heard the shot" and "This true story contains no lies/A blind man saw it with his own two eyes." There are plenty of variants. Commented Mar 27, 2017 at 10:02
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    @LaurenIpsum - The version I know ends: "A deaf policeman heard the noise, came and killed those two dead boys! If you don't believe this lie is true, ask the blind man, he saw it too..." Compare also the "man without eyes" riddle, which seems like the same sort of nonsense, but actually has an answer: riddlesbrainteasers.com/plum-taking Commented Dec 6, 2017 at 21:48
  • I would love to get a look at that 1305 manuscript The Land of Cockaigne (re: Baudelaire's The Invitation To the Voyage
    – DukeZhou
    Commented May 25, 2018 at 16:43
  • 2
    The Journal of American Folklore in 1926 has the version: One fine day // In the middle of the night, // Two dead men jumped up and caught a fight. // A blind man saw it fe play, // A dumb man shouted, "Hip hip, hurrah!" // A dead white horse came galloping by // And knocked them // Through eight inch wall // And in a dry ditch // Drowned them all.
    – Peter Shor
    Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 0:31

My Dad wrote this poem in 1957 for an act he performed for Tops in Blue when he was in the Air Force stationed at Ramey Air Force base in Puerto Rico. His name is Bermen Gasten Taylor. He is presently living in north Georgia in a town called Chattsworth, and has no idea of the life this poem has taken on itself. Please respond to this post if you were stationed on Ramey A.F.B. In 1957, and saw the show, or if you know someone who was, and saw the performance.

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    He wrote it, or he performed a variation of an old song? What about the records of this poem going way back to the early 20th century and beyond?
    – Rand al'Thor
    Commented May 23, 2018 at 21:41
  • All made up by those who like to theorize. 1957 was in the 20th century. Commented May 23, 2018 at 22:01
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    It seems as though Iona and Peter Opie actually did a lot of research on schoolyard poetry when writing their book. (Yes, 1957 is in the 20th century, but not in the first half of it.) A cynic might say that - for all we know reading it - your answer could be made up. Unfortunately, I realise it's hard to provide citations for something you only know from personal experience/communication :-(
    – Rand al'Thor
    Commented May 23, 2018 at 22:09
  • 3
    I just now talked to Dad (Bermen Gasten Taylor) on the phone. He said the name of the act was" A Trip to Louisiana by Luke the Drifter". Commented May 23, 2018 at 23:15
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    Ladies and gentiles monkeys and reptiles. I stand before you because I'm not behind you, to tell you something I know little about and you know even less. One bright day, in the middle of the night, two dead boys got up to fight. Back to back they faced each other, drew their swords and shot each other. A deaf policeman heard the noise and came to kill the two dead boys. If you don't believe this lie is true, ask the blind man he saw it too. Now come next Wednesday on good Friday, there's a father's meating for mothers only. Admission is free, pay at the door. Bring your chair and sit on the Commented May 25, 2018 at 3:42

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