Who or what is the antagonist in Baker's Blue Jay Yarn (What Stumped the Blue jays)?
In literature, the protagonist and the antagonist are typically human characters. In this story, however, the protagonist is an animal. The antagonist in a story is not necessarily something animate; it can also be a supernatural force, weather circumstances or even social norms. In this story, however, the "antagonist" is the hole that the blue jay attempts to fill with acorns. The blue jay says,
Well, you’re a long hole, and a deep hole, and a mighty singular hole altogether—but I’ve started in to fill you, and I’m damned if I don’t fill you, if it takes a hundred years!
Filling the hole becomes the blue jay's quest and the "heroic" nature of this quest is expressed in the "hundred years" the bird is prepared to spend on it. Eventually, the quest turns the blue jay into an object of ridicule when other blue jays find out that the bird has not simply been filling a hole but an entire house through a hole in the roof.