4

The Indian writer Premchand started off writing in Urdu, and started writing Hindi stories later in his career. According to Wikipedia:

In 1914, Munshi Premchand started writing in Hindi (Hindi and Urdu are considered different registers of a single language Hindustani, with Hindi drawing much of its vocabulary from Sanskrit and Urdu being more influenced by Persian). By this time, he was already reputed as a fiction writer in Urdu. Sumit Sarkar notes that the switch was prompted by the difficulty of finding publishers in Urdu.

As someone who speaks neither Hindi nor Urdu (but can at least see the difference in written text, since they use different alphabets), how can I tell whether a given Premchand story, which I'm reading in English translation, was originally written in Urdu or in Hindi?

For example, the short story "Catastrophe", which has already had a few questions asked about it on this site - was it originally in Urdu or in Hindi? The collection Short Stories of Premchand, available on the Internet Archive, has a Translator's Note which discusses in general the translation of Premchand's work from both Hindi and Urdu to English - are the stories in this volume translated from Urdu, from Hindi, or a mixture?

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Detailed publication information regarding Premchand's short stories—along with valuable comments on the differences between the Urdu and Hindi versions—is available in the "Notes" at the end of each of the four volumes of Premchand: the complete short stories (2017), edited by M. Asaduddin and published by Penguin Books. From the foreword by Harish Trivedi:

It is now possible to say with certainty which of the two versions of the story was first published, and in the great majority of the cases it is clear that the version first published was also the first to be written.

He goes on to say:

Though the early translations from Urdu into Hindi were mostly done by Premchand himself, we have firm evidence, for example, that the final manuscript of the Hindi Rangbhumi was translated into Urdu by another person who demanded a rate that Premchand thought to be exorbitant. In any case, all his works throughout his life in both Hindi and Urdu were published under Premchand's own name with no mention of a translator and are treated by the common reader as being equally original.

A sample entry from the "Notes" section, when there are no additional comments regarding differences between the Urdu and Hindi versions, is as follows (taken for the short story This Is My Homeland, translated into English from Urdu for volume 1 by M. Asaduddin):

First published in Urdu with the title 'Yehi Mera Watan Hai' in the Urdu anthology, Soz-e Watan (1908). Now available in Kulliyaat-e Premchand 9 (2000). It was published in Hindi with the title 'Yehi Meri Matribhumi Hai' in Prem Prasun (1924).

The bare bones of this information has been compiled into the table below for all the stories in this collection. The entry for the year is bolded if it is for the version published first.

S.No. Title in English Title in Urdu Year Title in Hindi Year
1. Love for the World and Patriotism Ishq Duniya aur Hubb-e Watan 1908 Sansarik Prem aur Desh Prem 1961
2. The Rarest Pearl in the World Duniya ka Sab Se Anmol Ratan 1908 Duniya ka Sab Se Anmol Ratan 1961
3. Sheikh Makhmoor Sheikh Makhmoor 1908 Sheikh Makhmoor 1961
4. Sorrow's Reward Sila-e Maatam 1908 Shok ka Puraskar 1961
5. This Is My Homeland Yehi Mera Watan Hai 1908 Yehi Meri Matribhumi Hai 1924
6. Dara Shikoh's Durbar Dara Shikoh ka Darbar 1908 Transliterated 1988
7. The Pyre of Sin Atishkada-e Gunaah
Gunaah ka Agankund
1910
1930
Paap ka Agnikund 1917
8. The Travels of a Dervish Sair-e Dervish 1910 Shaap 1924
9. A Hunt Shikaar 1910 Shikaar 1931
10. Rani Sarandha Rani Sarandha 1910 Rani Sarandha 1917
11. Selfless Benefactor Be-gharaz Mohsin 1910 Neki 1962
12. A Well-bred Daughter Badey Ghar ki Beti 1910 Badey Ghar ki Beti 1910
13. The Sword of Vikramaditya Vikramaditya ka Tegha 1911 Vikramaditya ka Tegha 1962
14. A Strange Revenge Karishma-e Intiqaam 1911 Advut Pratishod 1979
15. From Both Sides Dono Taraf Se 1911 Dono Taraf Se 1976
16. Raja Hardaul Raja Hardaul 1911 Raja Hardaul 1917
17. The Elder Sister Badi Behn 1911 Badi Behn 1980
18. The Fear of Dishonour Khauf-e Ruswaai 1911 Khauf-e Ruswaai 1988
19. The Desired Destination Manzil-e-Maqsood 1911 Akhiri Manzil 1962
20. A Poor Woman's Cry Aah-e Be-kas 1911 Ghareeb ki Haai 1918
21. Alha Alha 1912 Alha 1962
22. Mother's Love Mamta 1912 Mamta 1917
23. An Example Is Better than Precepts Alim Be-amal 1912 Nasihoton ka Daftar 1962
24. Making Up Manawan 1912 Manawan 1962
25. Nemesis Kaifar-e Kirdaar 1912 Kaifar-e Kirdaar 1988
26. Royal Arrogance Raj Hutt 1912 Raj Hutt 1962
27. Appearances Are Deceptive Dhokey ki Tatti 1912 Dhokey ki Tatti 1988
28. A Woman's Character Tirya Charittar 1913 Triya Charitra 1962
29. Life and Death Maut Aur Zindagi
Amrit
1913
1918
Amrit 1962
30. The Night of the New Moon Amaavas ki Raat 1913 Amavasya ki Ratri 1917
31. A Glance of Love Nigaah-e Naz 1913 Dharm Sankat 1918
32. Union Milap 1913 Milap 1962
33. A New Dawn Baang-e Sehar 1913 Shankhnaad 1915
34. Injustice Andher 1913 Andher 1962
35. A Bitter Pill Daru-e Talkh 1913 Transliterated 1988
36. Only One Voice Sirf Ek Awaaz 1913 Sirf Ek Awaaz 1962
37. The Dandy Landowner Baanka Zamindar 1913 Baanka Zamindar 1962
38. The Salt Inspector Namak ka Darogha 1913 Namak ka Darogha 1917
39. The Orphaned Girl Anath Ladki 1914 Anath Ladki 1962
40. When Blood Turns White Khoon Safed 1914 Khoon Safed 1918
41. The Hunter Prince Shikari aur Rajkumar 1914 Shikari Rajkumar 1918
42. The Funny Tale of a Jailbreak Sauda-e Khaam 1918
43. Retribution Shamat-e Aamal
Khak-e Parwana
1914
1928
Apni Karni 1962
44. Remorse Pachhtawa 1914 Pachhtawa 1917
45. An Appropriate Choice Husn-e-Intekhab 1914 Pareeksha 1917
46. The Balm Marham 1915 Vismriti 1918
47. The Sword of Honour Ghairat ki Katar 1915 Ghairat ki Katar 1962
48. The Consequences of Karma Karmon ka Phal 1915 Karmon ka Phal 1962
49. A Daughter's Possessions Beti ka Dhan 1915 Beti ka Dhan 1918
50. Godavari's Suicide Saut 1920 Saut 1915
51. Two Brothers Do Bhai 1916 Do Bhai 1918
52. A Punishment for Honesty Neki ki Saza (transliterated) 2001 Sajjanata ka Dand 1916
53. Holy Judges Panchayat 1916 Panch Parmeshwar 1916
54. An Embodiment of Pride Sar-e Purghuroor 1916 Ghamand ka Putla 1962
55. The Lustre of the Firefly Jugnu ki Chamak 1916 Jugnu ki Chamak 1917
56. Deception Dhoka 1916 Dhoka 1917
57. The Door: A Fragment Darwaza 1917 ? 1988
58. The Code of Honour Rajput ki Beti 1917 Maryada ki Vedi 1917
59. The Volcano Shu'la-e Husn 1917 Jwalamukhi 1918
60. Counsel Masha'le Hidayat 1917 Updesh 1917
61. Divine Justice Imaan ka Faisla 1917 Ishwariya Nyay 1917
62. Separation and Union Transliterated 2001 Viyog aur Milap 1917
63. The Greater Pilgrimage Hajj-e Akbar 1917 Maha Teerth 1918
64. The Durga Temple Durga ka Mandir 1917 Durga ka Mandir 1917
65. The Captain Dawa aur Daroo 1917 Kaptan Sahib 1926
66. Victory Fateh 1918 Vijay 1962
67. The Sacrifice Qurbani 1920 Balidan 1918
68. The Return Bazyaft 1918 Shanti 1936
69. The Path of Devotion Raah-e-Khidmat 1918 Seva Marg 1918
70. The Chains of Passion Zanjeer-e Hawas 1918 Vasna ki Kadiyan 1962
71. The Dagger of Loyalty Khanjar-e Wafa 1918 Wafa ka Khanjar 1962
72. The Gift of Truth Transliterated 2001 Sachai ka Uphar 1918
73. Wisdom Ibrat 1928 Bodh 1918
74. Entanglements Janjaal 1918
75. The Bankruptcy of the Bank Bank ka Diwala 1919 Bank ka Diwala 1926
76. Stepmother Sauteli Ma 1919 Vimata 1921
77. Premonition Khwab-e-Pareshan 1919 Anisht Shanka 1921
78. The Murder of Honour Khoon-e Hurmat 1919 Izzat ka Khoon 1962
79. The Bookbinder Daftari 1919 Daftari 1921
80. Atmaram Atmaram 1920 Atmaram 1921
81. The Correction Islaah 1920 Pashu se Manushya 1920
82. The Prime Dharma of Man Insaan ka Muqaddas Farz 1920 Manushya ka Param Dharma 1920
83. Black Face Roo-e Siyah 1920 Pratigya 1920
84. Banter Nok-Jhonk 1920 Brahm ka Swang 1920
85. The Old Aunt Budhi Kaaki 1920 Budhi Kaaki 1920
86. A Father's Love Mehr-e-Pidar 1920 Putra Prem 1920
87. After Death Ba'd az Marg 1920 Mrityu ke Peechey 1924
88. The Blessed Illness Marz-i Mubarak 1920 Mubarak Bimari 1962
89. Life Force Rooh-e Hayat 1921 Rooh-e Hayat/Jeevan ki Pran Shakti 1988
90. The Problem Muamma 1921 Bhisham Samasya 1921
91. A Special Holi Ajeeb Holi 1928 Vichitra Holi 1921
92. The Hidden Hand Dast-e Ghaib 1921 Prarabdha 1921
93. An Audacious Act Bazm-e Parishaan 1922[1] Dussahas 1921
94. The Red Ribbon Laal Feeta 1921[2] Laal Feeta ya Magistrate ka Isteefa 1921
95. When Rivals Became Friends Transliterated 2001 Laag-Dant 1921
96. A Positive Change Tahreek-e Khair 1922 Vidhwans 1921
97. A Battle of Ideals Taalif-e Qalb (original no longer available)
Transliterated
1922
2001
Adarsh Virodh 1921
98. A Philosopher's Love Philsafi ki Muhabbat 1921 Tyagi ka Prem 1921
99. The Bridal Sari Transliterated from Hindi to Urdu 2001 Suhaag ki Sari 1922
100. Witchcraft Mooth 1922 Mooth 1922
101. Victory of the Defeated Shikast ki Fateh 1922 Haar ki Jeet 1922
102. Defending One's Liberty ? 1924 Swatva Raksha 1922
103. Cobra Worship Saanp ki Ma'shooqa
Transliterated
1922
2001
Naag Puja 1923
104. Turf War Fikr-e Duniya 1928 Adhikar Chinta 1922
105. Hidden Wealth Dafeena
Transliterated
1939
2001
Gupt Dhan 1922
106. A Dhobi's Honour Husn-e Zan 1922 Lokmat ka Samman 1947
107. Hoodwinked Transliterated 2001 Chakma 1922
108. Reincarnation Transliterated 2001 Purva Samskara 1922
109. Test Imtihaan 1923 Pariksha 1938
110. A Loyal Subject Rajya Bhagat (transliterated) 2003 Rajya Bhakta 1923
111. End of Enmity Transliterated 2001 Vair ka Ant 1923
112. The Fool Transliterated 2001 Baudam 1923
113. Compulsion Majboori 1923 Nerashya Leela 1938
114. A Home for an Orphan Transliterated 2001 Grihdaah 1923
115. Purification Shuddhi 1923 Transliterated 1981
116. Autobiography Transliterated 2001 Aap Beeti 1923
117. The Ornaments Transliterated 2001 Abhushan 1923
118. Revenge Intiqaam 1923 Pratishod 1962
119. Trickery Chakma 1930 Kaushal 1923
120. Satyagraha ? 1928 Satyagrah 1923
121. The Roaming Monkey Transliterated 2001 Sailani Bandar 1924
122. The Prophet's Justice Transliterated 2001 Nabi ka Niti Nirvaah
Nyay
1924
1936
123. Sudden Downfall ? 1929 Vajrapat 1924
124. Road to Salvation Raah-e Najaat 1929 Mukti Marg 1924
125. Money for Deliverance Transliterated 2001 Muktidhan 1924
126. Forgiveness Wa'fu 1924 Kshama 1938
127. The Lashes of Good Fortune Nekbhakhti ke Tazianey 1929 Saubhagya ke Kodey 1924
128. Banishment Abhagin 1930 Niraswan 1924
129. Despair Transliterated 2001 Nerashya 1924
130. Ghost Bhoot 1929 Bhoot 1924
131. By a Whisker! Transliterated 2001 Ik Aanch ki Kasar 1924
132. Initiation ? 1929 Deeksha 1924
133. Rescue Transliterated 2001 Uddhar 1924
134. The Game of Chess Shatranj ki Baazi 1924 Shatranj ke Khiladi 1924
135. One and a Quarter Ser of Wheat Sawa Ser Gehun 1924 Sawa Ser Gehun 1939
136. Pleasures of College Life Maya-e Tafrih 1925 Vinod 1924
137. The Malevolent Baby Transliterated 2001 Tentar 1924
138. Money for the Decree ? 1929 Decree ke Rupaye 1925
139. The Condemned Transliterated 2001 Dhikkar 1925
140. The Path to Hell Hasrat 1930 Nark ka Marg 1925
141. The Secret of Culture ? 1929 Sabyata ka Rahasya 1925
142. Temple and Mosque ? (original no longer available)
Transliterated
1925
2001
Mandir aur Masjid 1925
143. Faith Transliterated 2001 Vishwas 1925
144. Man and Woman Devi 1930 Stree aur Purush 1925
145. A Hired Pony ? 1929 Bhaadey ka Tattu 1925
146. A Mother's Heart Transliterated 2001 Maata ka Hriday 1925
147. Theft Chori 1930 Chori 1925
148. The Goddess from Heaven Jannat ki Devi 1930 Swarg ki Devi 1925
149. Punishment Saza 1930 Dand 1925
150. The Outcaste Neech Zaat ki Ladki 1925 Shudra 1926
151. Laila Laila 1929 Laila 1926
152. A Mentor's Advice Muridi 1929 Guru Mantar 1926
153. The Mantra Taalif 1928 Mantra 1926
154. The Thread of Love Transliterated 2003 Prem Sutra 1926
155. The Basis of Life Transliterated 2003 Aadhar 1926
156. Qazzaqi Qazzaqi 1930 Qazzaqi 1926
157. Disgrace Fareb 1936 Laanchan 1926
158. The Tonga Driver's Reflections Tangewaley ki Barh 1926 Tangewaley ki Barh 1962
159. Ramleela Ramleela 1930 Ramleela 1926
160. An Invitation Dawat 1929 Nimantran 1926
161. Violence Is the Supreme Religion Deendari 1930 Himsa Param Dharma 1926
162. The Excommunicated Transliterated 2003 Bahishkaar 1926
163. The Head Clerk Badey Babu 1927 ? 1962
164. Why Do People Marry? Shadi ki Wajh 1927 Shadi ki Wajh 1962
165. Sati ? 1934 Sati 1927
166. The Symphony of the Soul Naghma-e Rooh 1927 Atma Sangeet 1927
167. The Tree of Love Nakhl-e Ummeed 1928 Kamna Taru 1927
168. Soujan, the Devotee ? 1933 Soujan Bhagat 1927
169. Temple Mandir 1930 Mandir 1927
170. The Borrowed Watch ? 1929 Maangey ki Ghadi 1927
171. Babaji's Feast Transliterated 2003 Babaji ka Bhog 1927
172. The Actress Transliterated 2003 Aiktress 1927
173. Trial by Fire Mazaar-e Atasheen 1929 Agni-Samadhi 1928
174. Moteramji Shastri Transliterated 2003 Moteramji Shastri 1928
175. The Spell Mantar 1928 Mantra 1928
176. The Disappointment of Moteramji Shastri Transliterated 2003 Moteramji Shastri ka Nerashya 1928
177. Foolish Friend Naadaan Dost 1928 Naadaan Dost 1962
178. Two Friends Do Sakhiyaan 1930 Do Sakhiyaan 1928
179. A Tearful Holi Aansuwon ki Holi 1930 Aansuwon ki Holi 1928
180. The Grinding Woman's Well Transliterated 2003 Pisanhari ki Kunwan 1928
181. A Wedding That Turned into a Funeral Suhaag ka Janaza 1930 Suhaag ka Shav 1928
182. The Policeman Ek Daroga ki Sarguzasht 1930 Darogaji 1928
183. Moteramji, the Editor Transliterated 2003 Sampadak Moteramji Shastri 1928
184. Selfhood Khudi 1928 ? 1962
185. The Day's First Sale ? 1928 Bohni 1928
186. Desire Transliterated 2003 Abhilasha 1928
187. The Rebel Khaana Barbaad 1930 Vidrohi 1928
188. Experience Transliterated 2003 Anubhav 1928
189. The Balance Sheet Husn o Shabaab
Kashmakash
1930
?
Aaga-Peecha 1928
190. Resignation Isteefa 1930 Isteefa 1928
191. Atonement Kaffara 1930 Praayashchit 1929
192. Nitpicker Transliterated 2003 Khuchad 1929
193. The Holi of Love Transliterated 2003 Prem ki Holi 1929
194. In Memoriam Transliterated 2003 Fatiha 1929
195. A Trip to the Hills Transliterated 2003 Parvat Yatra 1929
196. Mother ? 1938 Ma 1929
197. Mourning Transliterated 2003 Ghami 1929
198. The Legal Eagle Transliterated 2003 Qanooni Kumar 1929
199. Holy War Jihad 1930 Jihad 1929
200. Family Break-up Alhaidgi 1930 Algojya 1929
201. The Live-in Son-in-law Khaana Damad 1936 Ghar Jamai 1929
202. The Woman Who Sold Grass Ghaaswali 1930 Ghaaswali 1929
203. A Narrow Escape Harz-e Jaan 1930 Kavach 1929
204. Two Graves Mazaar-e Ulfat 1930 Do Qabrein 1930
205. Prison Aashian Barbaad 1930 Jeil 1931
206. The Servant of the Nation Qaum ka Khadim 1930 Rashtra ka Sevak 1962
207. The Goddess Devi 1930 Devi 1962
208. Shame Transliterated 2003 Dhikkar 1930
209. The Procession ? 1930 Juloos 1930
210. Subhagi Transliterated 2003 Subhagi 1930
211. Role Reversal Biwi se Shauhar 1930 Patni se Pati 1930
212. The Closed Door Band Darwaza 1930[3] ? 1962
213. Salvation Nijaat 1934 Sadgati 1931
214. Trident Tirsool 1930[3] Tirsool 1962
215. The Journey of War Transliterated 2003 Samar Yaatra 1930
216. The Wine Shop Transliterated 1931 Sharab ki Dukaan 1930
217. A Night in the Month of Poos Poos ki Raat 1930 Poos ki Raat 1930
218. Maiku and the Congress Volunteer Transliterated 2003 Maiku 1930
219. The Dream Transliterated 2003 Swapan 1930
220. Sacrifice Jeil 1931 Ahuti 1930
221. The Lunatic Lover Transliterated 2003 Unmaad 1931
222. Dhaporsankh ? 1931 Dhaporsankh 1930
223. The Final Excuse Aakhiri Heela 1930 Aakhiri Heela 1931
224. The Accusation ? 1932 Laanchan 1931
225. The Performance ? 1932 Dimanstrashun 1931
226. The Debt Collector Transliterated 2003 Tagada 1931
227. The Game Khel 1931 Khel (transliterated) 1988
228. The Holi Gift Holi ka Uphaar (transliterated) 2003 Holi ka Uphaar 1931
229. Inspiration Tahreek ?[4] Prerna 1931
230. Love's Awakening Tulu-e Muhabbat 1931 Prem ka Uday 1931
231. The Last Gift Aakhiri Tohfa 1931 ? 1962
232. The Penalty Transliterated 2003 Tawaan 1931
233. The Second Marriage Transliterated 2003 Doosri Shaadi 1931
234. The Mistress of the House Swamini 1935 Swamini 1931
235. The Story of Two Bullocks Do Bail 1934 Do Bailon ki Katha 1931
236. The Writer Praveen
Adeeb ki Izzat
1934
2003
Lekhak 1931
237. The Co-wife Transliterated 2003 Saut 1931
238. The Funeral Feast Zaad-e Raah 1936 Mritak Bhoj 1932
239. The Story of My Life ? 1938 Jeevan Saar 1932
240. The Miracle ? 1932 Chamatkaar 1932
241. A Wife's Testimony against Her Husband Shikwa Shikayat 1935 Gila 1932
242. The Vestal Sati 1932 Sati 1932[3]
243. The New Wife ? 1935 Naya Vivah 1932
244. The Ailing Sister Transliterated 2003 Bimaar Behen 1932
245. Slander Transliterated 2003 Kutsa 1932
246. Thakur's Well Transliterated 2003 Thakur ka Kuan 1932
247. The Spectacle Transliterated 2003 Jhanki 1932
248. Life Sentence ? 1936 Damul ka Qaidi 1932
249. The Votary of Reminiscence Wafa ka Devta 1932 Smriti ka Pujari 1935
250. Kusum Kusum 1932 Kusum 1934
251. The Widow with Sons Badnaseeb Ma 1936 Betonwali Vidhva 1932
252. The Coward Transliterated 2003 Kayar 1933
253. The Man Who Defied Fate Transliterated 2003 Rangeeley Babu 1933
254. Neur ? 1936 Neur 1933
255. Gilli-Danda ? 1935 Gulli-Danda 1933
256. The Prostitute Transliterated 2003 Vaishya 1933
257. The Romantic Editor Transliterated 2003 Rasik Sampadak 1933
258. The Boy Masoom Bachcha 1935 Baalak 1933
259. Renunciation Transliterated 2003 Vairagya 1933
260. The Flame of Love Akseer 1933 Jyoti 1933
261. The Prisoner Transliterated 2003 Qaidi 1933
262. Idgah Idgah 1933[5] Idgah 1933
263. The Queen of Hearts Transliterated 2003 Dil ki Rani 1933[5]
264. The Murderer Qaatil 1934 ? 1962
265. The Wedding Baraat 1933[3] Baraat 1988
266. If You Have No Woes, Buy a Goat! Gham Nadari Buzbakhar 1935[3] Koi Ghum Na Ho Tho Bakri Kharid Lo 1962
267. The Goddess of Faithfulness Wafa ki Devi 1933[3] ?
Transliterated
2009
2010
268. Peace of Mind Sakoon-e Qalb 1934 Shanti 1936
269. Intoxication Nasha 1934 Nasha 1934
270. A State of Mind Transliterated 2003 Manovritti 1934
271. The Secret Transliterated 2003 Jadoo 1934
272. The Minister of the State ? 1937 Riyasat ka Diwaan 1934
273. Pandit Moteram's Diary Transliterated 2003 Pandit Moteram ki Diary 1934
274. The Price of Milk Doodh ki Qeemat 1937 Doodh ka Daam 1934
275. Undeserved Praise Muft Karam Dashtan 1935 Muft ka Yash 1934
276. God's Share of Stale Rice Khuda ka Qahar 1936 Baasi Bhaat mein Khuda ka Saajha 1934
277. God's Own Police Insaaf ki Police 1935 Khudai Faujdar 1934
278. My Elder Brother ? 1936 Badey Bhai Sahib 1934
279. The Farce Swang 1935 ? 1962
280. Tulia Wafa ki Devi 2003 Devi 1935
281. The Rules of the House Zaawiya Nigaah 1937 Grih Neeti 1935
282. The Curse of Life La'nat 1936 Jeevan ka Shaap 1935
283. Paying the Price Transliterated 2003 ? 1937[3]
284. Splashed Transliterated 2003 Motor ki Cheentein 1936[3]
285. The Assassin's Mother Qatil ki Ma 1935[3] ? 1988
286. Miss Padma Miss Padma 1936 Miss Padma 1936[3]
287. Radiance Roshni 1932 ? 1988
288. Reality Haqeeqat 1935 Tathya 1937
289. Intoxicants, All Transliterated 2003 Ye Bhi Nasha, Woh Bhi Nasha 1937[3]
290. The Hallowed Feet of the Bridegroom Transliterated 2003 Paipunji 1935
291. The Lottery ? 1936 Latari 1935
292. Two Sisters Do Bahnein 1935 ? 1936
293. My First Composition Transliterated 2003 Meri Pehli Rachna 1935
294. The Shroud Kafan 1935 Kafan 1937
295. The Holi Holiday Holi ki Chhutti 1936[3] Holi ki Chhutti 1962
296. The Mystery Transliterated 2003 Rahasya 1936
297. Apples from Kashmir Transliterated 2003 Kashmiri Seb 1936
298. An Incomplete Story: A Fragment ? 2003[3] Transliterated 2004
299. A Cricket Match ? 1937 ? 1962
Remarks
  • Some stories have been republished under a different title, which is why there are sometimes two entries in the same cell, for e.g., no. 7.
  • Some stories have not been published in one or the other language, but a transliteration from one language to the other is available. This is noted as "Transliterated", for e.g., no. 6.
  • A blank entry means that that short story has not been published in that language anywhere even in a transliterated form, for e.g., no. 42.
  • If a question mark is put in place of the title, it means that nothing is mentioned in the "Notes" regarding the title in that language, for e.g., no. 57. The missing information can be filled out if someone has access to these stories in that language.
  • For nos. 103, 105, and 267, it is not clear whether the original is still available. So, just to be sure, I've mentioned the transliteration information as well.
Footnotes

[1]It is mentioned that no. 93 was first published in Urdu in April 1922, and published in Hindi in June 1921, so there must be a typo here. Perhaps "April 1922" should have been "April 1921"?

[2]It is mentioned that no. 94 was first published in Urdu in July 1921, and published in Hindi in April 1921, so there must be a typo here. Perhaps "April 1921" should have been "April 1922"?

[3]The details of first publication is unknown.

[4]The place of first publication is mentioned as Khaak-e Parwana (2nd ed.), but no year is given. The list of "Popular Editions" in Urdu in the last page shows Khaak-e Parwana, Lucknow: Nigar Press, 1928. But it is not clear whether this is the first or the second edition.

[5]The date is listed as "1993", but this is surely a typo for "1933".

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