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In Act 2 Scene 4, Prince Hal takes interest in a noble man as a "joke about money". My text (Cambridge) explains that a noble was worth one third of £1 sterling and a royal worth half of £1.

I don't get it.

It's also curious that he mentions his mother - is this just to reveal how Hal is respectful towards others regardless of gender?

        Enter HOSTESS
HOSTESS O Jesu, my lord the Prince!
PRINCE How now, my lady the Hostess, what sayest thou to me?    235
HOSTESS Marry my lord, there is a nobleman of the court at door would
    speak with you. He says he comes from your father.
PRINCE Give him as much as will make him a royal man and send him
    back again to my mother.
FALSTAFF What manner of man is he?    240
HOSTESS An old man.
FALSTAFF What doth gravity out of his bed at midnight? Shall I give
    him his answer?
PRINCE Prithee do, Jack.
FALSTAFF Faith, and I'll send him packing.    Exit 245

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  • The image you gave doesn't have what you quote as inspiring the question ("joke about money" etc.) - would it be possible to exactly quote exactly what your text says about the noble's worth?
    – bobble
    Jul 27 at 4:02
  • I think my title is the misleading thing actually - I meant joke about nobility and perhaps wealth instead of directly money,
    – user71207
    Jul 27 at 4:06
  • Nevertheless, you quote/pull from your book in the first paragraph of your question, but we don't have access to your book's footnotes, and it would be helpful to have the full context that your question is presented in.
    – bobble
    Jul 27 at 4:11
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The joke relies on knowledge of old English coinage.

A Noble was worth six shillings and eight pence, or eighty pence, which was 1/3 of a pound sterling (£), the pound being at that time worth 240 pence (in contrast with the decimalised value of 100 pence).

The coin was minted for the last time in the 1460s (and in its final years was increased in value to eight shillings and four pence, or 100 pence, in an effort to stop coins being exported to parts of Europe where the value of their gold was higher than their face value).

In its place a new coin was minted, the 'Rose Noble', also known as the 'Royal', which was worth ten shillings or 120 pence, half of a Pound Sterling.

The Noble was in production in the reign of Henry IV, going out of production and being replaced by the Royal during the first reign of Edward IV. So the introduction of the Royal, post dates the setting of the play. Whether there is a significance in that and a further layer of joke about the relative fortunes of the Houses of Lancaster and York, I'm afraid I'm too uninformed to know!

So when Hal tells the hostess to give the Noble man as much as will make him a Royal man, he is telling her to give him a shilling and eight pence and send him on his way. This would probably be perceived by the Nobleman as a great insult, though from a prince even an insult may be seen as a sort of compliment, it at least proves they know you exist. The joke also underlines the difference in rank between a prince and a nobleman.

As to his Mother, Mary de Bohun was never Queen as she died before Henry IV came to the throne, so presumably she was dead at this point. Depending on Hal's view of his mother he is telling the hostess to send the Nobleman to heaven or the devil; or perhaps to Leicester where she is buried!

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  • Re: the Noble not being issued until after the play takes place, it’s unlikely that Shakes would know that, and even if he did know it, unlikely that he would rely on the audience knowing it.
    – Kevin Troy
    Jul 28 at 16:31

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