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In chapter 1, E.Nesbit said:

"Hungry! I should think so," said Martha angrily; "out all day like this. Well, I hope it'll be a lesson to you not to go picking up with strange children —down here after measles, as likely as not! Now mind, if you see [Pg 35]them again, don't you speak to them—not one word nor so much as a look—but come straight away and tell me. I'll spoil their beauty for them!"

What is the meaning of "down here after measles, as likely as not!" Please explain.

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    I'd guess it refers to the practice of wealthy urban families of the time sending their children to the countryside to recover from sicknesses such as measles. I'm having trouble finding any references confirming this practice though ...
    – Rand al'Thor
    Jun 12, 2021 at 7:31

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The other children are "down here"; they are at this place, which is implied to be geographically "down" from where they were before. This probably means moving from an urban to rural area, going from the high city to the low countryside.

There is an implied "having" between "after" and "measles"; the phrase can be understood as "after having measles". "As likely as not" means, especially in British English, "very probably" (Collins Dictionary). Thus Martha thinks it is very probable that the other children have come "down" to this countryside after having measles.


The children may have been in a home for convalescence. I had some difficulty locating a good reference for this, thus both quotes are from the same source: Locating Convalescence in Victorian England. This article cites a bunch of sources. Go check those out for further reading! The time period covered is a little before the book's publication, but the same general principles would hold.

convalescent homes, as they were often called, began to appear in the middle of the nineteenth century... By the end of the century, more than three hundred convalescent homes had been established

"Convalescence" is the time period after the acute phase of illness, but before you are fully recovered. For measles, perhaps you no longer have the rash all over your body, but you are still fatigued every so often and cannot carry out normal activities. You are still sick, but in the recovery phase.

Crucially, since the children would be here after their acute phase of illness, it would make perfect sense to say they had come "after measles".

The designers of a convalescence home specifically for children explained why they were in the countryside thusly:

“a few weeks … spent under the invigorating influence of fresh-sea breezes — days passed in the open air, and free, happy exercise away from the confinement of streets and towns” would “disperse all the symptoms of their former existence”; a timely stay would “convert puny, wan, and sickly little creatures … into hearty, healthy, robust children.”

Working-class life in the city was hard, messy, dirty, loud - a terrible place to recover in. Thus the children would go "down" from the city to the country to convalesce, in a peaceful environment believed to be more beneficial to health.

They were also encouraged to exercise and play out-of-doors, which would explain why Martha would think the protagonists would be meeting them ("picking up"). Children running around outside are wont to meet each other.

It also makes sense that Martha would see such children as "strange". They would have come from away and will leave soon once they are better, thus, they are strangers to this area.

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    Good answer. Further points in support: the setting of Five Children and It is Kent, a.k.a. "the Garden of England", which I believe was a particularly popular location for countryside convalescence. Fresh sea air, healthy farmed countryside, southwards of London but closer than Cornwall. Even as recently as the mid-to-late 20th century, Kentish towns such as Margate were big destinations for "days out to the seaside" in England. (In more recent decades, with the growth of cheap international tourism in Europe, these towns have declined sharply and become run-down.)
    – Rand al'Thor
    Jun 13, 2021 at 12:23
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She thinks they arrived there (came down here) after having had measles -- though she thinks it the most probable explanation (more likely than not -- at least 50%) rather than certain.

It was common to send recuperating children to the country. She may have thought them still potentially contagious.

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    Do you have a reference for "It was common to send recuperating children to the country"?
    – bobble
    Jun 12, 2021 at 20:35
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    It was, indeed. I was sent to a convalescent home in the country after having my tonsils removed when I was a child, and this was in the 1950s. However, I only have the vaguest memories of it.
    – Mick
    Jun 14, 2021 at 4:15

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