I recall that a few years back a friend was explaining how novels can fall into various categories depending on what the focus of the story is.
For example, one category he mentioned was where the focus of the story was the Quest. There’s a goal to be achieved, an enemy to be defeated, and the story is about “Will they make it?” A good example would be Lord of the Rings.
Another category was one where the point of the story is the development of the characters. How do they think? How does what happen to them change who they are? The events of the story solely serve as stimuli for change. Good examples are Crime and Punishment and Ender’s Game.
What are the names of these categories?