The story "The Fall of the House of Usher" by Edgar Allan Poe contains a poem, "The Haunted Palace", which starts like this:

In the greenest of our valleys,
    By good angels tenanted,
Once a fair and stately palace—
    Radiant palace—reared its head.
In the monarch Thought’s dominion—
    It stood there!
Never seraph spread a pinion
    Over fabric half so fair.

Banners yellow, glorious, golden,
    On its roof did float and flow;

What do the yellow banners symbolize?

  • I don't know whether it's relevant, but (Warren Museum) has a list of symbolic meanings of colours used in heraldry. Mar 19, 2021 at 13:58
  • @RayButterworth I can't use the link...
    – SNR
    Mar 23, 2021 at 9:01
  • The site seems not to support HTTPS, and I suspect your browser is protecting you from unencrypted data transmission. If you google "Heraldic-Colors-and-Meanings.pdf", the listing will have a downward pointing wedge at the right, which you can use to access Google's cached copy of the page. To save you the trouble, it is: webcache.googleusercontent.com/… Page 3 contains the yellow description. Mar 23, 2021 at 13:09
  • Helpful! Yellow/gold meant wealth, generosity, youth, glory. Thanks!
    – SNR
    Mar 24, 2021 at 9:50

1 Answer 1


In context in ‘The Fall of the House of Usher’, the poem ‘The Haunted Palace’ is a conceit (an extended metaphor) in which the palace represents Roderick Usher’s head, and its occupants his thoughts. In the story, the poem is introduced by the narrator in a manner that recommends this interpretation to the reader:

The words of one of these rhapsodies I have easily remembered. I was, perhaps, the more forcibly impressed with it as he gave it, because, in the under or mystic current of its meaning, I fancied that I perceived, and for the first time, a full consciousness on the part of Usher of the tottering of his lofty reason upon her throne.

Edgar Allan Poe (1839). ‘The Fall of the House of Usher’. In Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine, volume V, p. 148.

We are thus instructed to interpret the “ruler of the realm” sitting on the throne in the third stanza of the poem as representing Usher’s “reason”: that is, his capacity for rational thought, which is “tottering” as he succumbs to despair, horror, and insanity as described in the story.

Having identified the central metaphor (the monarch of the palace represents Usher’s reason), the other elements of the poem easily fall into place. The palace represents Usher’s head (it “reared its head”); the “ramparts plumed and pallid” represent his features (he has “lips somewhat thin and very pallid”); the “two luminous windows” represent his eyes (Usher’s eyes are “luminous beyond comparison”, and his house has “vacant eye-like windows”); the “spirits moving musically” seen through the windows represent his thoughts when he was well; and so on.

So in this conceit the “yellow, glorious, golden banners” flying from the roof of the palace represent Roderick Usher’s hair.

  • Wow, never thought about that. thanks a lot, one of the first times that I got the sensation that the answer provided is closed and closes the topic. Thanks again.
    – SNR
    Mar 30, 2021 at 9:25

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