There's a trope known in Russian as "говорящее имя", i.e. "speaking name". The point of this trope is that a character's name (or surname) indicates its important, sometimes defining, feature. An example of it could be Pomona Sprout, a Herbology professor in Harry Potter. Another, even more important to the plot, is Remus Lupin, whose feature is that he's a werewolf.
Does this trope have a name in English?