known by name as a fabulously wealthy American girl to Cardinal Vitori and Queen Margherita and more subtle celebrities that one must have had some culture even to have heard of.

I was able to find Queen Margherita - Margherita of Savoy. The same time period as described in the novel.

But for Cardinal Vitori I was only able to google Loreto Vittori, who was an Italian castrato and composer and not a Cardinal and lived far before 1920s.

Was it a fictional character thought up by F. Scott Fitzgerald?

1 Answer 1


This Cambridge edition, with explanatory notes by James L W West III and Lynn Setzer specifically notes that although Margherita di Savoia was a real person, Queen of Italy from 1878 to 1900 and Queen Dowager thereafter, Cardinal Vitori was a fictitious character.

This does not completely rule out his character being in some way based on a real person. However James LW West III is

Professor of English, Emeritus, at Pennsylvania State University. He is a biographer, book historian, and scholarly editor.

While Lynn Setzer is a former student he credited with much of the historical research, so the notes seem to be a work of some scholarship.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.